Breed Organization The Newfoundland Pony Society Website: http://www.newfoundlandponysociety.org Native Country Newfoundland Other Names N/A Average Height See Breed Description Adult Weight ------------ Rider Experience Level Beginner
Breed Description The ponies have a good temperament, are docile and easy to work with. They have a color range from black to brown to bays to roans, chestnuts,
and greys, including various shades of dun. They usually have dark legs and manes.
They have a heavy coat which can change color and character seasonally. They have small furry ears and a low set of tail to conserve heat in
winter. They have a short back and a height that ranges from 11.0 to 14.2 hands.
Evolution gave them legs that are close together so they can travel narrow woods paths freely.
History The ancestors of the Newfoundland Pony arrived with the Island's early settlers from the British Isles. These ancestors were primarily, Exmoor,
Dartmoor and New Forest ponies and to a lesser extent, Welsh Mountain, Galloway (extinct), Highland and Connemara ponies. They were hardy
creatures, already well adapted to the harsh climate of the islands of the North Atlantic. Over subsequent centuries, and with little outside
influence, the hardiest of these early pony immigrants to Newfoundland interbred and eventually evolved into one common pony type, now
recognized as the Newfoundland Pony.
In the past, the Newfoundland Pony was used to plough gardens; haul fishing nets, kelp and wood; gather hay; and provide their families with
transportation about the Island. These functions were replaced by modern technology and the pony population plummeted. To protect this special
and historic pony, the Newfoundland Government has recognized it as a Heritage Animal. The current Newfoundland Pony population totals less
than 400 animals. An ongoing effort on the part of concerned individuals from across Canada has stabilized the population. However, the
Newfoundland Pony continues to be identified as a critically endangered species by Rare Breeds Canada.
Today, the Newfoundland Pony is used for riding, driving and light draft work. They make excellent mounts for children and adults, and excel
under saddle and in harness.
Behavior Perhaps greatest attributes of the Newfoundland Pony are its good temperament, and ability to survive on relatively small amounts of most
available grasses and foods. Also it can stand harsh winters in relative comfort mostly due to its thick winter coat.
In 1883 the English Hackney Horse Society was
created to preserve and develop the integrity of the Hackney lines. The first annual show was held by the society in 1885 in London. In 1891, the
American Hackney Horse Society was formed.
The name "Hackney" comes from the French word Hacquenee derived from the Latin word for horse,
equus. The term, brought to England by the Normans in the 11th century, was fully assimilated into the English language by 1303. At that time the term
meant a riding horse, as distinguished from the heavier warhorse, and later evolved to the abbreviated "Hack" meaning a riding horse or a hired
carriage. The modern Hackney breed took only its name from Medieval times as it is rarely ridden because its conformation and extreme motion make it
rough to ride. When crossed with modern Thoroughbreds, however, Hackneys have produced some excellent jumpers.
Since the development of the
automobile eliminated the demand for carriage horses for transportation, the most popular use of the Hackney has been in the show ring. Hackneys are
shown almost exclusively in harness (singly, in pairs, or in tandem), but they may be shown in hand, (lead by a person on the ground).