Breed Organization American Hackney Horse Society AHHS Website: http://www.hackneysociety.com Native Country England Other Names N/A Average Height ------------ Adult Weight ------------ Rider Experience Level ------------
Breed Description The Hackney pony is small in stature, under 14.2 hands at the withers (58 inches). It possesses a fine, trim head, small ears with a balanced
body, trim legs and feet, short back and well-arched head and tail.
The Hackney horse is a bit heavier proportionately and can be
14 to 16 hands tall. The Hackney also has a reputation for remaining sound through use.
Harness ponies are judged on the same
criteria as harness horses -- high action in both front and back legs, snappy motion, proud, disciplined carriage of the head and tail and
alertness displayed in the ears and eyes.
These small creatures never fail to excite a show ring crowd with their explosive motion,
brilliant carriage and spunky manner. Their leg action at the trot is so exaggerated as to give the pony an air of suspended motion, with the
front foot and rear pastern often touching the upper body of the pony. The gait is performed with piston-like quickness, suspending for a
moment at the highest point.
History The Hackney is a dynamic, high-stepper with two branches -- the horse and the pony -- both bred specifically for their brilliant performance in
The Hackney horse was developed in Great Britain in the early 18th Century from the Darley Arabian through his son, Flying
Childerns, foaled in 1715, and grandson, Blaze, a renowned British Thoroughbred foaled in 1733.
The Thoroughbred blood was crossed
with the British native Norfolk Trotters of East Anglia and eastern Yorkshire through a sire called Jary's Bellfounder, a trotting horse which
also is credited with passing on his bloodlines to the Standardbred. This created a fine, light horse with much style and spirit, which was
favored as a carriage horse by English sportsmen and aristocrats.
The Hackney pony was developed from the Hackney horse by crossing
with the small, spirited Welsh Ponies. The first well-known pony-type Hackney was Sir George, foaled in 1866. Sir George had strong bloodlines
from the Norfolk Trotters. In England in 1872, the trend began to breed specifically for a pony type, but today the British breeders are not as
particular about the size of the horses as are Americans, the priority being that the horse perform.
The Hackney was being imported
to the United States from England by the late 1800's. It was in this time that the breeding to achieve the specific pony type was begun through
crossing the Hackney horse with ponies of good conformation and motion. Today 95% of all registered Hackneys in the United States are ponies.
Although the Hackney horse had been imported to the United States for over 75 years, the Hackney pony was imported heavily to the U. S. beginning in
1872 with Stella 239. Many stallions which were highly influential in Britain in developing the ponies were brought to America either in the middle of
their siring careers or for a few years before being taken back to England. There were also a number of stallions bred in America and later sent to
England. For this reason, British and American ponies are more closely bred than some other breeds. Among those sires are Irvington Autocrat 1914,
Southworth Swell 2175 and Paddock Lane's Robin Rea 2474. The strongest influence seems to have come from Southworth Swell, imported in 1925 by J. Macy
Willets of Cassilis Farm. Most Hackney ponies today have his bloodlines in their pedigree.
In 1883 the English Hackney Horse Society was
created to preserve and develop the integrity of the Hackney lines. The first annual show was held by the society in 1885 in London. In 1891, the
American Hackney Horse Society was formed.
The name "Hackney" comes from the French word Hacquenee derived from the Latin word for horse,
equus. The term, brought to England by the Normans in the 11th century, was fully assimilated into the English language by 1303. At that time the term
meant a riding horse, as distinguished from the heavier warhorse, and later evolved to the abbreviated "Hack" meaning a riding horse or a hired
carriage. The modern Hackney breed took only its name from Medieval times as it is rarely ridden because its conformation and extreme motion make it
rough to ride. When crossed with modern Thoroughbreds, however, Hackneys have produced some excellent jumpers.
Since the development of the
automobile eliminated the demand for carriage horses for transportation, the most popular use of the Hackney has been in the show ring. Hackneys are
shown almost exclusively in harness (singly, in pairs, or in tandem), but they may be shown in hand, (lead by a person on the ground).