Breed Organization Arabian Horse Association AHA Website:
http://www.arabianhorses.org Native Country N/A Other Names N/A Average Height N/A Adult Weight N/A Rider Experience Level N/A
Breed Description The Arabian horse is known for its elegant
features. Its dished head, large eyes, arched neck and high tail
carriage precede its reputation as the most beautiful of all breeds.
"A neck curved like a crescent moon and a nose that could fit into a
teacup" is an old Arab expression used to describe this look.
However, this refinement is more than just cosmetic.
The Arabian's natural physical characteristics aid outstanding
performance in today's equine activities. The short, dished head and
wide, flaring nostrils allow for maximum oxygen intake. The arched
neck keeps the windpipe defined and clear to carry air to the lungs.
There's plenty of room for lung expansion because of well-sprung
ribs and a deep chest cavity. Through careful breeding, strong,
resilient legs are free of most lameness problems more common in
other breeds. Some scientists believe the Arabian horse has one less
vertebra in its back, allowing it to carry greater weight. Such
qualities give the Arabian horse superior athleticism and
versatility. Arabians can excel in any activity that people enjoy
doing with horses.
The Arabian traits coveted for thousands of years still endure,
greatly due to the Bedouins careful breeding and recording of
bloodlines. Since the bloodlines have remained so pure and have been
carefully cultivated over the years, a strong genetic stability,
known as prepotency has resulted. This ability to pass on traits
allows Arabian qualities such as beauty, intelligence, endurance and
temperament to become quite evident in crosses with other breeds.
For thousands of years, people bred Arabian horses to their own
stock to pick up the famous Arabian qualities. In fact, the Arabian
horse is the genetic predecessor of every light horse breed in
existence today. A special modern breed of horse known as the
Half-Arabian developed through Arabian crosses.
To be registerable, Half-Arabians must have one registered, purebred
Arabian parent and one parent of any other breed or mixed breed. For
instance, when the Quarter Horse, known for western and stock horse
events, is bred to the Arabian, it can pick up added quickness and
agility. The Saddlebred crossed with the Arabian often produces an
animated, high-stepping show horse.
The one Arabian
cross that is recognized as a separate breed is the Anglo-Arabian. A
registerable Anglo-Arabian horse may be any combination of
Thoroughbred and Arabian blood, provided there is no more than 75
percent and no less that 25 percent Arabian blood. The breed is
popular, particularly in Europe, because of its aptitude for events
such as hunter/jumper and dressage.
Health Due to the nature of different breeds involved there is no specific health information available.