Breed Organization The American Buckskin Registry Association, Inc. ABRA Website: http://www.americanbuckskin.com Native Country United States Of America Other Names Buckskin Average Height Various Adult Weight Various Rider Experience Level Various
Breed Description The modern buckskin, technically a color breed, is actually a descendant from ancient
time, his color being an indication of a strong heritage. In the West, horses of the Buckskin, Dun, Red Dun and Grulla hues trace to the
Mustang - Spanish Barb descendants which originated in Spain as the Sorraia.
Other Buckskins brought to this country can be traced to the Norwegian Dun, descendants of the nearly extinct Tarpan horses. The flourishing
number of Buckskin horses found today are the strongest living descendants of the ancestral breeds. Along with a mixture of other bloods,
Buckskins can be found in all breed types.
Dun: Dun is an intense color with a hide that has an abundance of pigment in the hairs. The dun color is a duller shade than buckskin
and may have a smutty appearance. Most dun horses have dark points of brown or black. Dun horses sport the "dun factor" points which include
dorsal and shoulder stripes, leg barring, etc.
Grulla: Grulla is also an intense color. The body color can be mouse, blue, dove or slate colored, with dark sepia to black points.
Grulla (pronounced grew-yah) has no white hairs mixed in the body hairs. Grulla horses have the dorsal and shoulder stripes, and leg barring.
Red Dun: The Red Dun will vary in shades of red, in the range of peach to copper to rich red. In all shades, the accompanying points
well be darker red or chestnut and be in contrast to a lighter body color. Red Dun must have a definite dorsal stripe to be eligible. The
dorsal stripe will usually be dark red and predominant. Leg barring and shoulder stripes are common. Horses with faint dorsal stripes that do
not appear on photos may be denied registration.
Brindle Dun: A different and unique body coloration with stripes appearing over the barrel of the body and most, if not all, the dun
factor characteristics. Brindle Duns show up in the Netherlands and they are referred to as an ancient dun color. The peculiar body markings
can appear in the form of tear drops or zebra stripes.
Note: Any horses having Albino, Appaloosa, Paint, or Pinto characteristics are not eligible for registration. Mature horses must be a
minimum of 14 hands.
White Markings And Conformation: White markings on the face and lower leg are acceptable. Blue eyes are permissible providing the body
color and conformation is acceptable. The horse should be a good representative of its breed-conformation varies from the Arabian type to the
Quarter Horse type. Horses showing draft characteristics or undesirable inherent qualities would not be accepted for registration.
History When The American Buckskin Registry Association was founded in 1962, it opened its registry to not only the Buckskin, but also Grulla and Dun
colored horses. Also included in the colors accepted is the Red Dun with varying body shades of red, and the Mouse Dun or Coyote Dun, a slate
color resembling a salt-and-pepper coloration. Most Buckskins are of Spanish origin, European pony origin, or of America's Norfolk Trotter
origin. This is mainly due to the fact that Dun coloration in these bloodlines was not frowned upon as it was with horses that contained Arab
background. Any horse that is registered with the ABRA can also be registered in any other breeding association.
Behavior The Buckskin developed a strong reputation as a sturdy working horse in the frontier of the
western United States. Highly regarded by the cowboys of the early west, Buckskins were used for pack, harness, and saddle. It is said that
Buckskin horses, those of tan or bronze coloring with black points, had the greatest endurance, the surest footing, the hardest hooves, and
the greatest stamina. Although those in the old west were known to exaggerate, given a choice a cowboy would almost always choose the Buckskin
or Dun horse.