Breed Organization Yorkshire Terrier Club of America Website: http://www.theyorkshireterrierclubofamerica.org Native Country Great Britain Other Names Yorkshire Terrier, York Life Expectancy Approximately 12-15 Years Litter Size Average 2-3 Puppies Breed Group AKC Toy
Breed Appearance The most notable features of the Yorkie is its very small size and its abundance of smooth long hair that will be silver-grey on the sides and back and light
brown on its head neck and front quarter. If left unclipped the hair will flow completely to the floor completely eliminating all four legs from view. Its tail is docked to one
half its normal size and it will carry it semi erect just above level with its back. Also its pointed ears will stand erect.
Breed Description Head: Rather small and flat. Skull not too prominent or round. Muzzle not too long. Ears: Small, V-shaped, not too wide set. Carried erect. Solid fawn color. Eyes: Medium size. Dark color. Dark rims. Body: Compact, stocky. Elegant neck. Ribs moderately sprung. Tail: Typically docked to a moderate length. Carried slightly above the line of the back. Covered in long, thick hair of darker blue
color than on the rest of the body. Hair: Moderately long on the body. Perfectly straight, fine, silky texture. Long on the head and of rich golden fawn color. Hair falls
perfectly straight on each side of the body and is parted in the middle from the nose to the tip of the tail. Feet are of a golden fawn color. Coat: Dark steel blue (not silver blue) extending from the eyes to the base of the tail, never mixed with fawn, bronze, or darker
hairs. Hair on the forechest is rich fawn. All fawn hairs are darker at the root and lighten along their length. Puppies are born with a black coat that changes
to steel gray after several months. Size: Approx. 20 cm. Weight: Up to 3.1 kg.
History The Yorkshire Terrier is descended from Clydesdale and/or Paisley Terriers and the Waterside Terriers which migrated to the area around
Glasgow in the county of York in the early nineteenth century. They were later crossed with other breeds, including the Broken-Haired Terrier (now extinct),
the Cairn Terrier, the Maltese Bichon, and others. In 1886, the breed was officially named by The Kennel Club, and its first standard was published in
1898. The Yorkie was originally used to keep mines clear of rats and as a hunting dog to unearth prey. The breed later became a fashionable pet. The breed
was promoted in the United States and Europe where it was bred and gradually miniaturized from 1930 onwards. The first French Yorkshire Terrier Club was
created in 1953. The Yorkie is now reputed to be the most popular miniature breed in the world.
Behavior This impulsive, lively, spunky dog is courageous, but strong-willed. This pampered dog does not do well with active children. The
Yorkshire Terrier will bark at almost anything. With his dominant personality, the Yorkie will not hesitate to attack another dog, even larger ones. Very
strict training is required to bring this dog under control.
Health Some Yorkies are prone to slipped stifle, bronchitis, eye infections, early tooth decay, poor tolerance of anesthetic, and delicate digestion. Exotic
treats should be avoided. They sometimes suffer paralysis in the hindquarters caused by herniated disks and other problems of the spine. Falls or knocks can cause fractures
of fragile bones. Abnormal skull formations in Yorkies measuring less than 8 inches (20 cm). Dams often have trouble delivering puppies and sometimes need to have
cesareans. Be sure to feed Yorkies some type of dry food or bone to chew on to help keep their teeth clean and strong. They should get their teeth cleaned at the vet to
keep them from falling out and creating infection.
Advice The Yorkie is well suited to indoor living, but this sporting dog requires exercise. Daily brushing and combing is required. This
breed should be professionally groomed monthly.