Canine Breed Menu



Breed Organization
Yorkshire Terrier Club of America
Native Country
Great Britain
Other Names
Yorkshire Terrier, Yorkie
Life Expectancy
Approximately 12-15 Years
Litter Size
Average 2-3 Puppies
Breed Group
Breed Appearance
The most notable features of the York is its very small size and its abundance of smooth long hair that will be silver-grey on the sides and back and light brown on its head neck and front quarter. If left unclipped the hair will flow completely to the floor completely eliminating all four legs from view. Its tail is docked to one half its normal size and it will carry it semi erect just above level with its back. Also its pointed ears will stand erect.

Breed Description
Head: Rather small and flat. Skull not too prominent or round. Muzzle not too long.
Ears: Small, V-shaped, not too wide set. Carried erect. Solid fawn color.
Eyes: Medium size. Dark color. Dark rims.
Body: Compact, stocky. Elegant neck. Ribs moderately sprung.
Tail: Typically docked to a moderate length. Carried slightly above the line of the back. Covered in long, thick hair of darker blue color than on the rest of the body.
Hair: Moderately long on the body. Perfectly straight, fine, silky texture. Long on the head and of rich golden fawn color. Hair falls perfectly straight on each side of the body and is parted in the middle from the nose to the tip of the tail. Feet are of a golden fawn color.
Coat: Dark steel blue (not silver blue) extending from the eyes to the base of the tail, never mixed with fawn, bronze, or darker hairs. Hair on the forechest is rich fawn. All fawn hairs are darker at the root and lighten along their length. Puppies are born with a black coat that changes to steel gray after several months.
Size: Approx. 20 cm.
Weight: Up to 3.1 kg.

The Yorkshire Terrier is descended from Clydesdale and/or Paisley Terriers and the Waterside Terriers which migrated to the area around Glasgow in the county of York in the early nineteenth century. They were later crossed with other breeds, including the Broken-Haired Terrier (now extinct), the Cairn Terrier, the Maltese Bichon, and others. In 1886, the breed was officially named by The Kennel Club, and its first standard was published in 1898. The York was originally used to keep mines clear of rats and as a hunting dog to unearth prey. The breed later became a fashionable pet. The breed was promoted in the United States and Europe where it was bred and gradually miniaturized from 1930 onwards. The first French Yorkshire Terrier Club was created in 1953. The York is now reputed to be the most popular miniature breed in the world.

This impulsive, lively, spunky dog is courageous, but strong-willed. This pampered dog does not do well with active children. The Yorkshire Terrier will bark at almost anything. With his dominant personality, the York will not hesitate to attack another dog, even larger ones. Very strict training is required to bring this dog under control.

Some Yorks are prone to slipped stifle, bronchitis, eye infections, early tooth decay, poor tolerance of anesthetic, and delicate digestion. Exotic treats should be avoided. They sometimes suffer paralysis in the hindquarters caused by herniated disks and other problems of the spine. Falls or knocks can cause fractures of fragile bones. Abnormal skull formations in Yorks measuring less than 8 inches (20 cm). Dams often have trouble delivering puppies and sometimes need to have cesareans. Be sure to feed Yorks some type of dry food or bone to chew on to help keep their teeth clean and strong. They should get their teeth cleaned at the vet to keep them from falling out and creating infection.

The York is well suited to indoor living, but this sporting dog requires exercise. Daily brushing and combing is required. This breed should be professionally groomed monthly.


Horse Herd