Canine Breed Menu

Welsh Cocker Spaniel

Welsh Cocker Spaniel

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Breed Organization
Welsh Cocker Spaniel Spaniel Club of America
Native Country
Great Britain
Other Names
Welsh Springer Spaniel, Welshie, Welsh Springer, Welsh Spaniel, Welsh Starter
Life Expectancy
Approximately 12-14 Years
Litter Size
Average 6-8 Puppies
Breed Group
AKC Sporting
Breed Appearance
He is a compact, medium-sized, working dog. The slightly rounded head is in proportion to the body with a slightly domed skull. The fairly square muzzle is about as long as the skull. The nose is either black or any shade of brown with well-open nostrils. The teeth meet in a scissors or level bite. The oval-shaped eyes are dark to medium brown in color. The long ears are set at eye level, hanging close to the cheeks and fringed with hair. The tail is usually docked and is set at the topline and carried horizontally. Note: docking tails is illegal in most parts of Europe. The soft, flat, straight or wavy coat is medium in length with feathering on the back of the legs, chest and belly, with lighter feathering on the ears and tail. Coat colors come in red and white in any pattern, sometimes with ticking. They are a working dog, bred for hunting, and while not as rare as some varieties of spaniel, they are rarer than the more widely known English Springer Spaniel with which they are sometimes confused.

Breed Description
Head: Well-chiseled, fairly long. Slightly domed skull. Pronounced stop. Muzzle of medium length, straight, fairly angular. Brown or dark brown nose. Strong jaws.
Ears: Set on fairly low, hanging close to cheeks.
Eyes: Medium-sized, hazel or dark in color.
Body: Strong, not long. Neck long, muscular, without dewlap. Well-sprung ribs. Short back. Muscular, slightly clean-flanked loin.
Tail: Set on low, never carried above the topline. Usually docked.
Hair: Straight and flat, silky, dense, never hard or wavy. Light feathering on the legs, ears, and tail.
Coat: Bright red and white. No other colors allowed.
Size: Dog: approx. 48 cm (19 in). Bitch: approx. 46 cm (18 in).
Weight: 17 to 20 kg (37.5-44 lb).

This Welsh dog has very distant origins. For a long time, the English Springer and the Welsh Cocker Spaniel were one and the same. Not until the early twentieth century was a distinction made between the two breeds. Some believe the Welsh Cocker Spaniel Spaniel is the product of a cross between the English Springer and the Clumber Spaniel. Note, however, that the Welsh Cocker Spaniel, whose head is similar to that of the Brittany Spaniel, is more lightweight than the English Springer. The Welsh Cocker Spaniel is rare.

Tough, lively, active, fast, and very enthusiastic, this high-energy dog has a very keen nose and is more comfortable in the water than the English Springer but less of a flusher. He has a medium search range, covering terrain thoroughly and methodically. He uses his voice on the trail of rabbit and hare. He also excels on woodcock. Merry and kind but strong-willed and stubborn, he is not at all aggressive and makes a fairly good pet. He needs firm but gentle training.

Health conditions are limited to those common among many breeds of dog, although they are affected more than average by hip dysplasia and some eye conditions.

He is not suited to apartment life. He needs space and lots of exercise, as well as brushing twice weekly and regular checking of the ears.

Hunting Dog.
Horse Herd