Breed Organization Federation Cynologique International (FCI) Website: http://www.fci.be/?lang=en Native Country France Other Names Barbet, Barbillot, French Water Dog Life Expectancy Approximately 13-15 Years Litter Size Average 6-9 Puppies Breed Group Water Dogs
Breed Appearance Barbets have well rounded bodies, short but strong arched loins and wide well developed chest. When
the dog is moving the tail is raised horizontally forming a hook at the tip. The feet, the same as the rest of the body
are covered with hair. These dogs are distinguished from other breeds for its webbed feet. The webbed feet aid the dog in
swimming as these dogs are noted to be tireless swimmers.
Breed Description Head: Round. Broad, round skull. Pronounced stop. Short
nosebridge. Very angular muzzle. Thick, pigmented lips. Ears: Set on low, long, flat, furnished with long hair
forming tufts. Eyes: Round, preferably dark brown. Hidden by hair on the
skull and nosebridge. Body: Powerful. Strong, short neck. Broad, well-developed
chest. Curved ribs. Short, flat, arched loin. Very slightly domed
back. Rounded croup. Tail: Set on low, raised but not as high as the topline,
slightly hooked at the tip. Hair: Long, woolly, wavy, sometimes curly, forming tufts.
This thick fleece is good protection from cold and damp weather.
Hair on head should hang down to the nosebridge, hiding the eyes.
Long beard, bushy mustache. Coat: Black, grey, brown, fawn, sable, or white with no
markings or with a certain degree of patching. All shades of fawn
and sable are allowed. Size: Dog: at least 54 cm (21 in). Bitch: at least 50 cm (20
in). Weight: 20 to 25 kg (44-55 lb).
History The Barbillot has existed in Europe since the Middle Ages, when he was
known simply as the Waterdog. Mentioned in sixteenth-century
writings and represented in several drawings from the same period,
the breed was used on duck and swan. Buffon mentioned the breed in
Natural History, and Spallanzani used it to conduct the first
successful artificial insemination in 1779. The Barbillot nearly went
extinct in the late nineteenth century, when he was used for hunting
only by poachers and country folk. He may be considered the ancestor
of all breeds with long, woolly or curly hair (including bichons and
the Poodle) and a direct cousin to sheepdogs like the Briard, with
whom he has many similarities. The standard for the Barbillot was
updated in 1986. Still fairly rare, his survival is threatened.
Behavior Very powerful, tough, and vigorous, the Barbillot is resistant to cold
and dampness. He loves the water and swims very well. With a good
nose and slow gait, he is used by waterfowl hunters. He is a very
good retriever and has also been employed as a sheepdog to guide
herds. Even-tempered, never aggressive, and gentle, he is an
Health Due to the extremely low number of Barbet in the world, little is known about long term health issues. Some
issues that have exhibited themselves are ear infections, hip dysplasia, hernias, undescended testicles, undershot/overshot bites,
and epilepsy. Most breeders today hipscore the parents before any matings and A, B, and C hipscores can be used.
The most common of these issues are ear infections, a problem in most water dog varieties. Ear problems can be minimized by proper
ear care. A veterinarian should be consulted if the dog shows signs of an ear infection.The ear should always be clear of any hair,
and inspected very regularly.
Advice He can live in the city but must not be confined alone for long
periods. He needs regular walks. Because of his thick coat, he does
not tolerate heat well. Without regular dematting, his hair can