Breed Organization United Kennel Club Website: http://www.ukcdogs.com Native Country Poland Other Names Polish Tatra Sheepdog, Polish Mountain Dog, Polski Owerzarek Podralanski, Tatra Mountain Sheepdog, Podhalan, OP, Owczarek Podhalanski, Owczarek Tatrzanski Life Expectancy Approximately 10-12 Years Litter Size Average 5-8 Puppies Breed Group FCI Sheepdogs
Breed Appearance The double coat is heavy with a top coat that is hard to the touch, straight or slightly wavy. The undercoat is profuse and dense. Coat color is
pure white, with no color markings. The breed has a black pigmented nose, lip and lid edges. The foot pads are dark.
Breed Description Head: Clean and broad. Marked stop. Large muzzle. Broad forehead. Tight lips. Ears: Medium size, drop, set on high. Triangular, fairly thick. Eyes: Medium size, set slightly oblique. Dark brown color. Dark rims Body: Long, sturdy, and muscular. Pronounced withers. No dewlap. Deep chest. Broad, well-knit loin. Ribs sloping and rather flat.
Belly moderately tucked up. Sloping croup. Straight, broad back. Tail: Set on low. Carried below the topline, curving slightly at the tip. Covered with thick hair forming a flag. Hair: Short and thick on the head and front of the forelegs. Long, thick, and straight on the neck and body. Thick mane. Heavy
undercoat. Coat: Uniform white. Cream markings are not desirable. Size: Dog: 65 to 70 cm. (25.6-27.5 in). Bitch: 60 to 65 cm. (23.6-25.6 in). Weight: 36 to 59 kg. (80-130 lb).
History The Polish Tatra Sheepdog originated in Podhale, in the Tatra Mountain area of Poland, hence the breed's name. The breed has lived in the
Polish mountains for thousands of years, but no exact date for the start of the breed was ever recorded. There is a similar mystery around what breeds were
mixed to form the Polish Tatra Sheepdog. While no one is certain, many dog breeders say that the Polish Tatra Sheepdog came from the Mastiff breed. The breed was
very popular among mountain workers for several centuries, and up to today. It was so popular because, as its name implies, it was a fantastic sheepdog. This success
at herding sheep was mainly due to their high intelligence. When predators were around the sheep, the Polish Tatra Sheepdog would gather up the sheep and stand by
them instead of trying to attack the predator, which would leave the sheep open for other attacks. This demonstrates their intelligence. Their white coat also made
them easily distinguishable from a bear or wolves, which was very helpful for workers. Also, owners could shave the dogs and use their coat to produce wool. Mountain
workers also used to hold their tails while they lead the workers through the mountains and rough terrain. Herding sheep was not the only job the breed could perform.
They were often used as personal guards and frequently guarded factories and other private property. On top of this, it was often the case that the breed was used by
the police force. The breed faced some hard times, though. After the World Wars the breed was on the brink of extinction. The Federation Cynologique Internationale,
(FCI), would not allow this to happen, though, and by the 1960s they started breeding the sheepdog more and more. Centuries ago, as their reputation as excellent sheepdogs
spread, the breed spread slowly across Europe, but in 1980, an American Foreign Service Officer enjoyed the breed so much that he had three of them shipped to America,
and by 1981 the breed also spread to Canada.
Behavior A lot of today's Polish Tatra Sheepdog's behaviors and qualities can be traced back to its use of guarding. They are territorial, loyal and protective
of their owners, and are very good watchdogs for this reason. They have a very loud bark and will bark at anything that is suspicious, as they are trying to protect their
family. Since they were trained to be cautious and not attack until completely necessary when predators were around sheep, The Polish Tatra Sheepdog will not bite a stranger
or other animals unless continuously provoked, leading them to be considered very dog and animal friendly. From thousands of years of guarding sheep, they are very
intelligent, calm and independent.
Health Allergies, cataracts, epilepsy, hip dysplasia and bloat. Bloat is a common health concern to most dogs, being the largest killer of dogs second to
cancer. It is also referred to as gastric torsion or twisted stomach.
Advice his dog must not live in an apartment. He needs considerable space and exercise. Weekly brushing is sufficient. During seasonal
shedding, stripping the coat is recommended.