Breed Organization Standard Schnauzer Club of America Website:
http://www.standardschnauzer.org Native Country Germany Other Names Mittelschnauzer, Schnauzer Life Expectancy Approximately 12-15 Years Litter Size Average 5-8 Puppies Breed Group AKC Working
Breed Appearance Distinguished by their long beards and
eyebrows, Standard Schnauzers are always pepper and salt or less
commonly black in color, with a stiff and wiry hair coat on the body
similar to that of other wirehaired breeds. Their hair will
perpetually grow in length without properly shedding, but contrary
to popular belief Standard Schnauzers are not hypo-allergenic and
they all shed to some degree. The more wiry - and correct and
weather-resistant - the coat, the more that the coat will shed,
though the hair dropped from a single dog is said to be nearly
Breed Description Head: Strong, elongated. Pronounced
stop. Rectangular nose bridge. Shaggy muzzle ending in a blunt
wedge. Black lips. Ears: If cropped, carried erect. If natural, v-shaped, breaking
at skull level or small and held erect. Eyes: Oval. Dark color. Body: Square outline. Arched neck. Medium width chest with
moderately sprung ribs. Belly moderately tucked up. Short back
sloping gently toward the croup. Tail: Set high and carried erect. Docked to three vertebrae. Hair: Hard, wiry, thick. Dense undercoat. Wiry beard on the
muzzle; eyes slightly hidden by bushy eyebrows. Coat: Solid black or pepper and salt. Dark mask. White markings
are not desirable. Size: Standard Schnauzer: 45 to 50 cm: (18-20 in). Weight: Standard Schnauzer : Approx. 15 kg. (33 lb).
History In the Middle Ages, schnauzer-type dogs of
medium size were developed from herding, ratting and guardian breeds
in Western Europe. A dog of the peasant farmer for centuries, with
the advent of dog showing in the 19th century they finally captured
the interest of German dog fanciers, who began to standardize their
look and temperament for the show ring.
Schnauzers were mixed with the German Black Standard Poodle and the
German Pinscher. That's what gives the Standard Schnauzer a "regal"
look. In the earliest days of the show schnauzer, puppies from a
single litter could be classified as either German Pinschers (short
haired puppies) or schnauzers (long-coated wire-haired puppies),
dependent only on coat length. And before the original German
Pinscher breed was wiped out during WWI (it has since been brought
back from different stock) the pepper-and-salt coat that is the
trademark of the Standard Schnauzer breed in North America could be
seen in the German Pincher (called the silberpinsch), attesting to
the close relationship between the two breeds in modern times. It
was also in the late 19th century that the medium-sized schnauzer
was developed into three different breeds/sizes: the Miniature, the
Standard (the original), and the Giant.
Standard Schnauzer excels at obedience, agility, tracking, herding,
therapy work and, in Germany, schutzhund. Despite being a popular
pet in Europe, the Standard Schnauzer has never gained wide
popularity in North America.
Behavior The smallest of the working breeds, the
Standard Schnauzer makes a loyal family dog with guardian instincts.
Most will protect their home from uninvited visitors with a deep and
robust bark. Originally a German farmdog, they adapt well to any
climatic condition, including cold winters. In general, they
typically are good with children and were once known in Germany as
"kinderwachters". If properly trained and socialized early to
different ages, races, and temperaments of people, they can be very
patient and tolerant in any situation. Like other working dogs,
Standard Schnauzers require a fairly strong-willed owner that can be
consistent and firm with training and commands.
Standard Schnauzers also widely known to be intelligent
and easy to train. They have been called "the dog with a human
brain". Standard Schnauzers are extremely versatile, excelling at
dog sports such as agility, obedience, tracking, Disc dog, Flyball
and herding. Members of the breed have been used in the last 30
years in the United States as for bomb detection, search and rescue,
and skin and lung cancer-detection.
Like most working
dogs, Standard Schnauzers will be rambunctious until about the age
of two; and lots of exercise will keep them busy. Owners must be
prepared to mentally and physically stimulate their Schnauzer every
day, even into their old age. Like other high-intelligence breeds, a
bored Schnauzer is a destructive Schnauzer.
the Standard Schnauzer Club of America, “The Standard Schnauzer is
considered a high-energy dog. They need ample exercise not only for
physical well-being, but also for emotional well-being. The minimum
amount an adult dog should get is the equivalent of a one long walk
a day. This walk should be brisk enough to keep the dog at a steady
trotting pace in order to keep the dog in prime physical condition.
The Standard Schnauzer puppy is constantly exploring, learning and
testing his limits. As adults, they are always ready for a walk in
the woods, a ride in the car, a training session or any other
activity that allows them to be with their owner. This is a breed
that knows how to be on the alert, even when relaxing by the feet of
Health Some are prone to hip dysplasia and tumors.
Advice Schnauzers should not be confined indoors. They
are active dogs and need space and considerable exercise to stay fit
and maintain their mental health. Daily brushing and professional
grooming once every three months is required.
Function Guard Dog, Defense Dog, Military Dog, Pet.