Breed Organization Staffordshire Bull Terrier Club of America Website: http://www.sbtca.com Native Country Great Britain Other Names Staffordshire Bull Terrier, English Staffordshire Bull Terrier, Staffy, Stafford, Staffordshire, Bull and Terrier, Half Pit Dog Life Expectancy Approximately 12-16 Years Litter Size Average 4-6 Puppies Breed Group AKC Terrier
Breed Appearance The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a medium-sized, stocky, and very muscular dog, with a similar appearance to the much larger
American Staffordshire terrier and American pit bull terrier. It has a broad head (male considerably more so than female), defined occipital muscles,
a relatively short fore-face, dark round eyes and a wide mouth with a clean scissor-like bite (the top incisors slightly overlap the bottom incisors). The
ears are small. The cheek muscles are very pronounced. The lips show no looseness. From above, the head loosely resembles a triangle. The head tapers
down to a strong well-muscled neck and shoulders placed on squarely spaced forelimbs. They are tucked up in their loins and the last 1-2 ribs of the
rib-cage are usually visible. The tail resembles an old fashioned pump handle. The hind quarters are well-muscled and are what give the Stafford drive
when baiting. They are colored brindle, black, red, fawn, blue, white, or any blending of these colors with white. White with any other color broken
up over the body is known as pied. Liver-colored, black and tan dogs can occur but are rare and it is advised not to breed from either as well as those with
light eyes. The exception to the light eye rule are Blue staffies; all others should have dark brown eyes even if fawn coat. The coat is smooth and clings
tightly to the body giving the dog a streamlined appearance.
Breed Description Head: Short, deep through. Broad skull. Distinct stop. Short
nose bridge. Very pronounced cheek muscles. Strong jaws. Tight lips. Ears: Rose or half-prick. Eyes: Medium size, round. Dark color. Dark rims. Body: Compact and powerful. Muscular, moderately short neck.
Broad forechest. Chest is well let down. Ribs well sprung.
Horizontal topline. Tail: Medium length, set low, and tapering toward the tip.
Carried moderately low. Hair: Short, smooth, dense. Coat: Red, fawn, white, black, or blue, or any of these colors
with white. Any shade of brindle with or without white. Size: 35 to 40 cm ( 14 to 15.5 in). Weight: Dog: 12.7 to 17.2 kg (28-38 lb).Bitch: 10.8 to 15.4 kg
History This breed was created in the nineteenth century in Staffordshire by
crossing the Bulldog with various terriers. The Staffordshire Bull
Terrier was first used for bull-baiting then for pit fighting,
earning it the name Half Pit Dog. The Staffie became a fashionable
dog to own in the United States between the two World Wars and later
became popular in Great Britain and Europe. Recognized in 1935, the
Staffordshire Bull Terrier is much less common than its descendant,
the American Staffordshire Terrier.
Behavior This vigorous, courageous, highly tenacious , bold, strong-willed
dog is, in fact, calm and stable. If trained properly, he is gentle
and affectionate with his owners, though is a formidable, aggressive
guard dog as required. The breed’s reputation with children is second to none. Adored
and adoring within its family circle. It is usually good with other pets in the household
if raised together. When well cared for and properly trained they can make brilliant companions.
Health Staffordshire Bull Terriers are known to suffer from Hereditary Cataracts and L-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria a metabolic disorder
resulting in behavioral changes and dementia-like symptoms—both of which are detectable via DNA tests. Distichiasis (commonly known as “double eyelash”)
and Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous, a condition whereby the blood supply to the ocular lens fails to regress and fibrovascular tissue forms
causing hazy vision—both of which are checked by way of an ocular examination throughout the life of a breeding stud or brood-bitch to minimize the
transfer and spread of these conditions. The breed is known to be at a higher risk from mastocytoma (mast cell tumours) than the general population of dogs.
Advice The Staffordshire Bull Terrier can adapt to life as a house dog if
he gets plenty of exercise. Regular brushing is required.