Canine Breed Menu

Springer

Springer


No Additional Pictures
Breed Organization
English Springer Spaniel Field Trial Association
Website: http://www.essfta.org
Native Country
Great Britain
Other Names
Norfolk Spaniel, English Springer Spaniel
Life Expectancy
Approximately 12-14 Years
Litter Size
Average 5-7 Puppies
Breed Group
AKC Sporting
Breed Appearance
The English Springer Spaniel is similar to the English Cocker Spaniel and at first glance the only major difference is the latter's smaller size. However English Springers also tend to have shorter, and higher-set ears than English Cockers. In addition Springers also tend to have a longer muzzle, their eyes are not as prominent and the coat is less abundant. The major differences between the Welsh Springer and the English Springer is that the Welsh have more limited colors and tend to be slightly smaller.

Breed Description
Head: Long. Skull fairly broad, slightly domed. Pronounced stop. Broad, high muzzle. Strong jaws. Flat cheeks. Flews well let-down.
Ears: Set on at eye level, fairly long, hanging close to the head. Nice feathering.
Eyes: Almond-shaped, dark.
Body: Rectangular build. Neck b and muscular, without dewlap. Well let-down, well-developed chest. Well-sprung ribs. Muscular, b loin.
Tail: Set on low, never carried higher than the topline. Well-feathered. Usually docked.
Hair: Dense, straight, weather-resistant, never harsh. Feathering on the ears, body, and legs.
Coat: Liver and white, black and white, or one of these combinations with tan markings.
Size: Approx. 51 cm (20 in).
Weight: Approx. 22.5 kg (50 lb).


History
The English Springer Spaniel is one of the oldest hunting dog breeds. His ancestors are thought to be the spaniel of the Middle Ages, as well as the Norfolk Spaniel. British breeders made numerous crosses, particularly with the old Water Spaniel. With a head similar to that of the French Spaniel, the English Springer is the father of all spaniels except the Clumber Spaniel. The breed was officially recognized in 1902 and became the most popular hunting dog in the British Isles.

Behavior
This hardy, tough, vigorous, energetic, swift dog with a keen nose fears neither thickets nor wet ground. He is stronger and more driven than the English Cocker Spaniel. He tracks actively and persistently, snapping vigorously at game. He lunges into thickets, causing game to spring out in a panic (as the name suggests, a "springer" is a dog who lunges and flushes game). The English Springer Spaniel excels on rabbit, pheasant, woodcock, and waterfowl. He is also a remarkable retriever, especially in the water. A bit rambunctious and strong-tempered, he needs firm training. He can be a good pet.

Health
Usually sound and healthy. May have eye abnormalities, PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy) or ear infections. Other health concerns include enzyme deficiency, PFK (Phosphofructokinase deficiency), hip dysplasia, allergies and possible temperament problems.

Advice
He is not at all suited to apartment life. He needs space and lots of exercise, as well as brushing twice weekly and regular checking of the ears.

Function
Hunting Dog, Companion Dog.


Dogs
Horse Herd