Breed Organization American Fox Terrier Club Website:
http://www.aftc.org Native Country Great Britain Other Names Fox Terrier, Wire Fox Terrier Life Expectancy Approximately 12-15 Years Litter Size Average 3-5 Puppies Breed Group AKC Terrier
Breed Appearance Fox Terriers are two different breeds of the
terrier dog type: the Smooth Fox Terrier and the Wire Fox Terrier.
Both of these breeds originated in the 19th century from a handful
of dogs who are descended from earlier varieties of British
terriers, and are related to other modern white terrier breeds. In
addition, a number of breeds have diverged from these two main types
of fox terrier and have been recognised separately, including the
Jack Russell Terrier, Miniature Fox Terrier and Rat Terrier. The
Wire and Smooth Fox Terriers share similar characteristics, the main
differences being in the coat and markings.
Breed Description Head: Elongated. Flat skull. Slight
stop. Nose bridge tapers toward the nose. Strong jaws covered with a
rough coat. Ears: Small, v-shaped, folded and hanging forward against the
cheeks. Erect ear is a disqualification. Eyes: Small, round. Dark color. Body: Compact. Muscular neck without dewlap. Clearly pronounced
withers. Chest well let down. Ribs moderately sprung. Croup not
sloped. Short, horizontal back. Powerful, muscular loin. Tail: Set high, of fair length, carried gaily but not over the
back and not curled. Typically docked. Hair: Two varieties :Wire hair : Dense, very hard texture,
approx. 1,9 cm (0,7 in) long on the shoulders and 3,8 cm (1,5 in)
long on the withers, back, sides and hindquarters. Coat on the jaws
is very rough. Short, softer undercoat.Smooth hair: straight, flat,
smooth, hard, thick and abundant. Coat: White is the predominant color; solid white, white with
tan, black or black and tan markings. Brindle, blue, slate gray,
red, or liver markings not permitted. Size: Dog : 39,3 cm (15,5 in) or less.Bitch : slightly shorter
than dog. Weight: Dog: approx. 8 kg (18 lb).Bitch: approx. 7 kg (16 lb).
History The Fox Terrier has existed in England since
the sixteenth century. There are two varieties, the Wire Fox Terrier
and, the older of the two, the Smooth Fox Terrier. The breed is
descended from dachshunds, beagles and ancient terrier breeds.
Around 1810, the Fox Terrier was selectively bred for hunting fox
(hence the breed's name), boar and badger. A standard for the two
varieties was published in 1876 when the Fox Terrier club was
formed. The Fox Terrier is now the most popular of the Terriers. The
smooth variety is less common than the wire variety.
Behavior This rustic, hardy, fast dog is full of life,
always on the move and possesses seemingly boundless energy.
Courageous and bold, he has a strong, established personality. He is
affectionate with his owners and gentle with children. He is a
vigilant guard, barking to raise the alarm. The Fox Terrier is
aggressive toward other dogs and therefore has difficulties living
with other animals. Firm but gentle training is required.
Health Deafness may be a problem in predominantly
white dogs. Some minor concerns are post-nasal drip, lens luxation,
distichiasis, cataracts, Legg-Perthes disease and shoulder
dislocation. Prone to mast cell tumors.
Advice The Fox Terrier can adapt to life in the city,
but he requires considerable exercise to prevent him from becoming
excessively nervous. This breed does not like to be tied up or
closed in. Weekly brushing is sufficient for the smooth variety. The
wire variety requires brushing two or three times per week and
professional grooming three times per year.