Breed Organization Samoyed Club of America Website:
http://www.samoyedclubofamerica.org Native Country Scandinavian Countries Other Names Samoyed, Samoiedskaia Sabaka, Samoyedskaya, Nenetskaya Laika, Smiling Sammy, Bjelkier Life Expectancy Approximately 12-14 Years Litter Size Average 5-9 Puppies Breed Group AKC Working
Breed Appearance The Samoyed is a breed of dog that takes its
name from the Samoyedic peoples of Siberia. These nomadic reindeer
herders bred the fluffy white dogs to help with the herding, and to
pull sleds when they moved.
Breed Description Head: Strong. Wedge-shaped skull.
Straight nose bridge. Strong, deep muzzle tapering toward the nose.
Tight, black lips. Lips curve up at the corners producing the
"Samoyed smile". Ears: Set on high, relatively small, triangular, mobile and
carried erect. Eyes: Almond shape, set obliquely in the skull, wide set. Dark
brown color. Black rims. Body: Robust, compact, muscular. Strong neck carried erect.
Broad chest is well let down. Belly moderately tucked up. Strong,
muscular, slightly sloped croup. Straight, muscular back. Tail: Carried curved over the back along the midline or to the
side. Can be carried down. Richly clad. Hair: Profuse, heavy, dense, flexible. Forms ruff around the
neck and shoulders (particularly prominent in the dog). Shorter on
the head and front of the legs. Dense, soft, short, compact
undercoat. Coat: White, cream, or white and biscuit (white background with
light biscuit markings). Size: Dog: approx. 57 cm (22.5 in).Bitch: approx. 53 cm (21
in). Weight: Dog: 20 to 30 kg (44-66 lb). Bitch: 17 to 25 kg37.5-55
History This Arctic spitz is directly descended from
the breed that accompanied Samoyed tribes on their migrations. The
Samoyed belongs to one of the oldest Siberian breeds. The Samoyeds
used these dogs to guard herds and to hunt bear and walrus. The
first Samoyeds arrived in Great Britain around 1890. Robert Scott,
an early polar explorer, brought the breed to the attention of the
world, demonstrating its ability to pull heavy loads over long
distances. At that time, the breed began to spread around the globe.
Behavior Samoyeds' friendly disposition makes them poor
guard dogs; an aggressive Samoyed is rare. With their tendency to
bark, however, they can be diligent watch dogs, barking whenever
something approaches their territory. Samoyeds are excellent
companions, especially for small children or even other dogs, and
they remain playful into old age. When Samoyeds become bored, they
may begin to dig. With their sled dog heritage, a Samoyed is not
averse to pulling things, and an untrained Samoyed has no problem
pulling its owner on a leash rather than walking alongside. Samoyeds
were also used to herd reindeer. They will instinctively act as herd
dogs, and when playing with children, especially, will often attempt
to turn and move them in a different direction. The breed is
characterized by an alert and happy expression.
Health Samoyeds are particularly prone to hip
dysplasia and some suffer from diabetes. Also prone to skin
allergies. They are prone to PRA (eyes), primarily in male dogs.
Samoyeds can be affected by a genetic disease known as "Samoyed
Hereditary Glomerulopathy", a renal disease. From 3 months of age
onwards, a reduced glomerular filtration rate is detected,
indicative of progressive renal failure. Death from renal failure
usually occurs by 15 months of age. A genetic test is available for
Advice The Samoyed must not be closed up indoors. He
needs space and room to run. Daily brushing is required. A curry
comb is necessary during seasonal shedding.
Function Hunting Dog (walrus, etc.), Sled Dog, Watch