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Russian Caucasian Ovtcharka

Russian Caucasian Ovtcharka

Russian Caucasian Ovtcharka
Breed Organization
United Kennel Club
Native Country
Other Names
Kavkazskaya Ovtcharka, Caucasian Sheepdog, Caucasian Owcharka, Caucasian Mountain Dog, Sage Ghafghazi, Caucasian Ovtcharka, Caucasian Owtcharka, Russian Caucasian
Life Expectancy
Approximately 9-11 Years
Litter Size
Average 3-10 Puppies
Breed Group
Flock Guard
Breed Appearance
The Caucasian Shepherd Dog, otherwise known as the Caucasian Ovcharka, is a popular breed in Russia, Georgia, Armenian, Azerbaijan, and other countries where flocks and properties are protected by shepherds. The Caucasian Ovcharka is a large dog with a strong musculature and massive backbone. The male Ovcharka is larger and more massive than the females. They have larger and heavier heads, with a more expressed mane. The Caucasian Ovtcharka has ears that are quite furry for insulation and also dark eyes that are deep set. The tail of the Ovtcharka is covered extensively with heavy hair. Their forelimbs are straight and long, with a dense bone mass. Their paws are quite large, with hair between the toes. This helps provide the breed with good insulation and protection. The nose of the Ovtcharka is black and quite prominent, with large nostrils. The thick dense coat of the Caucasian Ovcharka is weather resistant and is very effective at keeping out the cold. Adult coats are coarser than the coats of puppies. The color of the Ovtcharka varies from fawn, pied, tan, gray, white, and brindle. The Caucasian Ovtcharka’s ears are usually cropped short in its native country.

Breed Description
Head: Massive and broad. Distinct stop. Relatively short muzzle with large black or brown nose. Thick, though tight, lips.
Ears: Set on high, drop, cropped short.
Eyes: Small, oval. Dark color.
Body: Slightly longer than tall. Powerful, short neck. Deep, broad, slightly rounded chest. Short loin. Belly moderately tucked up. Broad, muscular back. Broad, muscular, almost horizontal croup.
Tail: Set high, hanging down in the shape of a sickle, hook, or ring. Docked tails are permitted.
Hair: Straight and coarse. Shorter on the head and front of the legs. Extremely thick undercoat of lighter color.Three types:- Long hair with mane, feathering, culottes, and plume.- Short hair without mane, feathering, etc.- Medium length hair, long, but without mane, feathering, culottes, or plume.
Coat: Gray in patches with a variety of nuances, normally light and tending toward red, white, reddish-brown, brindle and piebald and speckled.
Size: Dog: at least 65 cm. (26 in).Bitch: at least 62 cm. (24 in).
Weight: 45 to 65 kg. (99-143.5 lb).

Originating in the Caucasus, this large sheepdog is most likely one of the most direct descendants of the Tibetan Mastiff, which was introduced in Russia during the Asian invasions. This dog can be found throughout most of the former Soviet Union. The Caucasian Sheepdog of the steppes is taller and rangier than the Caucasian Sheepdog found in mountainous regions.

This very rustic breed requires little care and adapts easily to all climates. The Caucasian Sheepdog is well-balanced, active, and even-tempered. However, he is suspicious of strangers and may bite. Firm training is required.

Hip dysplasia, obesity and occasional heart problems are known to occur

The Caucasian Sheepdog requires space and exercise. Weekly brushing is sufficient.

Herder, Guard and Defense Dog, Pet.
Horse Herd