Breed Organization Borzoi Club of America Website:
http://www.borzoiclubofamerica.org Native Country Russia Other Names Borzoi, Russian Wolfhound, Russkaya Psovaya Borzaya, Sowaya Barzaya Life Expectancy Approximately 10-12 Years Litter Size Average of 6 puppies, however can be anywhere
from 1 - 11 Puppies (1 pup in a litter is common) Breed Group AKC Hounds
Breed Appearance Borzoi are large Russian sighthounds that
resemble some central Asian breeds such as the Afghan hound, Saluki,
and the Kyrgyz Taigan. They can generally be described as
"long-haired greyhounds", though Borzoi come in virtually any color.
The long top-coat is silky and quite flat, with varying degrees of
waviness or curling. The soft undercoat thickens during winter or in
cold climates, but is shed in hot weather to prevent overheating. In
its texture and distribution over the body, the borzoi coat is
unique. There should be a frill on its neck, as well as feathering
on its hindquarters and tail.
The borzoi coat is silky
and flat, often wavy or slightly curly. B Borzoi males frequently
weigh more than 100 pounds (45 kg). Males stand at least 30 inches
(76 cm) at the shoulder, while the height of females is around 26
inches (66 cm). Despite their size, the overall impression is of
streamlining and grace, with a curvy shapeliness and compact
Breed Description Head: Long, narrow, cleanly cut, finely
chiseled. Flat, very narrow skull. Stop practically absent. Slightly
curved nosebridge. Large, long, narrow, cleanly cut muzzle.
Tight-lipped. Black nose. Ears: Long, narrow, cleanly cut, finely chiseled. Flat, very
narrow skull. Stop practically absent. Slightly curved nosebridge.
Large, long, narrow, cleanly cut muzzle. Tight-lipped. Black nose. Eyes: Large, almond-shaped, dark brown. Opening of the eyelids
is edged in black and slightly slanted. Body: Elongated. Neck long, well-muscled, flattened sideways,
without dewlap. Brisket not very pronounced. Long, deep, narrow,
flat chest. Pronounced tuck-up. Very muscular back forming an arch
especially in males; highest point is at the last rib. Long, broad,
muscular croup. Tail: Set on low, long, forming a sickle. Abundant hair.
Carried low at rest. Carried raised but not above the topline in
action. Hair: Long, silky, wavy, but not in large curls. Very thick
around the neck, on the lower chest, backs of the legs, and tail.
Short on the head, ears, and fronts of the legs. Coat: White, any shade of gold; silvery gold; gold-shaded;
black-shaded tan with dark muzzle and legs; grey; gold, tan, or grey
brindle with long stripes of a darker shade; tan; black. Tan
markings are allowed but not desirable. Dark-coated specimens have a
characteristic black mask. All colors solid or spotted on a white
ground. Size: Dog: 70 to 82 cm. (27.5-32.5 in).Bitch: 65 to 77 cm.
(25.5-30.5 in). Weight: 35 to 45 kg (77.5-99.5 lb).
History The Borzoi might be the product of crossing the
Asian Greyhound with the northern Laika, or the Saluki with a
Russian sheepdog, or the Arabian Greyhound with a longhaired
indigenous dog. The breed is believed to have been set in Russia in
the sixteenth century. The Borzoi was long the favorite pet of large
Russian families who used the dog in wolf hunting. Borzois were sent
to England in 1842 as gifts to Princess Alexandra. The breed was
introduced to western Europe around 1850 and to the United States in
1889. The Russian Revolution of 1917 put an end to breeding by the
Russian aristocrats. European breeders worked to protect the Borzoi,
and breeding was later renewed in Russia.
Behavior The very noble, seemingly impassive Borzoi was
an excellent hunter of hare, fox, and wolf. Powerful, enthusiastic,
and bold, this blue-blood has great stamina and is often attached
exclusively to his owner. Not very patient with children, he is
indifferent and even hostile toward strangers. He makes a good
watchdog but rarely barks. He may bite other dogs. He needs firm but
gentle training since he cannot tolerate harsh treatment.
Health Prone to bloat. Large meals should be avoided,
but rather should have small meals two or three times a day. Avoid
exercise after meals. Sensitive to drugs.
Advice It is better not to keep him in an apartment or
leave him alone for long periods. He needs a great deal of space and
exercise. He must be kept on a leash on walks, because he may try to
chase cats and other animals. He requires brushing two or three
times a week.