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Breed Organization
American Chinese Crested Club
Native Country
China - Great Britain
Other Names
Cinses Hairless Dog, Hairless, Chinese Crested Dog
Life Expectancy
Approximately 10-12 Years
Litter Size
No Information Available
Breed Group
Breed Appearance
At first look, the Hairless and Powderpuff varieties of Chinese crested Dogs appear to be two different breeds, but hairlessness is an incomplete dominant trait within a single breed. The Hairless has soft, humanlike skin, as well as tufts of fur on its paws and tail and flowing hair on its head. In addition to being an incomplete dominant gene, the "hairless" gene has a prenatal lethal effect when homozygous. Zygotes affected with double hairless genes (1 in 4) never develop into puppies, and are reabsorbed in the womb. All hairless Cresteds are therefore heterozygous.

The Hairless variety can vary in amount of body hair. Fur on the muzzle, known as a beard, is not uncommon. A true Hairless often does not have as much furnishings ( hair on the head, tail, and paws). The difference between a very hairy Hairless and a Powderpuff is that the Hairless has a single coat with hairless parts on the body, while the Powderpuff has a thick double coat. The skin of the Hairless comes in a variety of colors, ranging from a pale flesh to black. Hairless cresteds often lack a full set of premolar teeth.

A Powderpuff has a long, soft coat. Both Hairless and Powderpuff varieties can appear in the same litter. The look of the Powderpuff varies according to how it is groomed. When its fur is completely grown out on its face, it strongly resembles a terrier; however, the Powderpuff is usually shaved around the snout as a standard cut. The amount of body hair on the hairless variety varies quite extensively, from the true hairless which has very little or no body hair and furnishings, to what is called a 'hairy hairless', which if left ungroomed often grows a near-full coat of hair. These hairy hairless are not a mix between powderpuffs and hairless Chinese cresteds, but are merely a result of a weaker expression of the variable Hairless gene. The mutation responsible for the hairless trait was identified in 2008. Hairless Chinese crested dogs are often successful in 'ugly dog competitions' because of their bizarre appearance.

Breed Description
Head: Graceful, smooth, without wrinkles. Slightly rounded and elongated skull. Slightly pronounced stop. Muzzle tapering gradually to prominent nose. Cleanly cut, flat cheeks. Strong jaws. Thin lips. Crest of long hair beginning at the stop and ending on the neck.
Ears: Set on low, large, erect, with or without feathering. Drop ears allowed in powder puff variety.
Eyes: Medium-sized, very widely spaced. So dark they appear black.
Body: Long. Neck long, slender, without dewlap. Chest well let-down. Strong loin. Moderate tuck-up.
Tail: Set on high, long, slender, very straight. Hanging down at rest. Long, supple feathering limited to the last third.
Hair: No large hairy patches anywhere on the body. Coat of powder puff variety consists of an undercoat of long, fine hair forming a veil.
Coat: All colors and all combinations of colors are allowed.
Size: Dog: 28 to 33 cm.Bitch: 23 to 30 cm.
Weight: Variable, but under 5.5 kg.

Archaeologists have found ten thousand-year-old remains of a Chinese hairless dog. The Chinese Crested Dog could be the ancestor of the Mexican Hairless Dog, or he could be the result of a cross between the Mexican Hairless Dog and the Chihuahua. The Chinese Crested Dog was first shown in the West in 1885 in New York and appeared in France in 1975. He is most common in the United States and England. There are two varieties: hairless and powder puff with veil coat. Two different body types are also described: a fine-boned (deer type) and a more solidly boned (cobby type).

The Powderpuff Chinese Crested is an elegant and graceful dog who makes a loving companion, playful and entertaining. The Puff's coat is long and silky soft. Ears are large and erect. It is a family friendly breed, not aggressive toward children or other animals. They do not make good kennel dogs, since they love the companionship of their family. This breed tends to be on the timid side with strangers if not properly socialized at an early age. Odorless, non-shedding, and hypo-allergenic, these are great dogs for allergy sufferers. They have been described as having "a supermodel look, with a saint personality." Powderpuffs are very affectionate, lively, playful, and love to be cuddled. This breed is exceptionally loving and likes to hug & smile. Many are known to be wonderful "singers." They are great with children, very forgiving, therefore should not be taken advantage of with rough handling. They are an entertaining companion, intelligent, and very willing to learn. He needs firm but gentle training beginning when he is still very young.

He gains weight easily; do not overfeed. Exposed skin on the hairless dogs needs special care to prevent skin irritations. The hairless dogs do get sunburn and a good sunscreen should be used. The hairless variety is prone to tooth loss and decay. Powderpuffs have healthier teeth. The hairless variety has the ancient forward-pointing canine teeth or "tusks" as they are called, but usually these are the first teeth to fall out. A high percentage of Chinese Cresteds are allergic to wool and lanolin. Both the hairless and powderpuff dogs are born in the same litter. Each hairless dog carries one gene for hairless and one gene for hair. Two hairless genes are fatal.

He should live inside but needs daily walks. He is sensitive to cold and does not like being left alone. He needs regular baths.

Agility, Obedience, and other dog related activities. They can easily be taught to fetch & retrieve, Pet.

Horse Herd