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Pomeranian

Pomeranian


Additional
Pomeranian
Pictures
Breed Organization
American Pomeranian Club
Website: http://www.AmericanPomeranianClub.org
Native Country
Germany
Other Names
Dwarf Spitz, Zwergspitz, Loulou, Pom, Deutscher Zwergspitz, Toy German Spitz, Deutscher Spitz
Life Expectancy
Approximately 12-15 Years
Litter Size
Average 1-3 Puppies
Breed Group
Toy - AKC

Breed Appearance
Pomeranians are compact but sturdy dogs with an abundant textured coat with a highly plumed tail set high and flat. The top coat forms a ruff of fur on the neck, which Poms are well-known for, and they also have a fringe of feathery hair on the hindquarters.

The earliest examples of the breed were white or occasionally brown or black. Queen Victoria adopted a small red Pomeranian in 1888, which caused that color to become fashionable by the end of the 19th century. In modern times, the Pomeranian comes in the widest variety of colors of any dog breed, including white, black, brown, red, orange, cream, blue, sable, black and tan, brown and tan, spotted, brindle, plus combinations of those colors. The most common colors are orange, black or cream/white.

The merle Pomeranian is a recent color developed by breeders. It is a combination of a solid base color with lighter blue/grey patch which gives a mottled effect. The most common base colors for the effect are red/brown or black, although it can also appear with other colors. Combinations such as brindle merle or liver merle are not accepted in the breed standard. In addition, the eye, nose and paw pad are marshmallow color, changing parts of the eye to blue and the color on the nose and paw pads to become mottled pink and black.

Pomeranians have a thick double coat, and while grooming is not difficult, breeders recommend that it be done daily to maintain the quality of the coat and because of its thickness and the constant shedding, with trimming every 1–2 months. The outer coat is long, straight, and harsh in texture while the undercoat is soft, thick and short. The coat knots and tangles easily, particularly when the undercoat is being shed, which happens twice a year.


Breed Description
Head: The head of the Pomeranian is wedge-shaped, making it somewhat foxy in appearance.
Ears: The ears are small and set high.
Tail: Its tail is characteristic of the breed and should be turned over the back and carried flat, set high. When born, the tail is not spread out; it may take months for it to grow over the Pomeranian's back, and flatten.
Color: The AKC recognizes twelve colors or color combinations: black, brown, chocolate, beaver, red, orange, cream, orange-sable, wolf-sable, blue, white, and parti-color.
Weight: At an average of 3 to 7 lb (1.4 to 3.2 kg). The Pomeranian (Pom) is the most diminutive (diminutive means tiny/small, etc.) of the northern breeds.


History
The Pomeranian originated from the sled dogs of Iceland and Lapland, which were eventually brought into Europe in Pomerania. This region, bordered on the north by the Baltic Sea, has been under the control of the Celts, Slavs, Poles, Swedes, Danes and Prussians, at various times. This region extends from the west of the RĂ¼gen Island to the Vistula river - there it became popular both as a pet and working dog. The name Pomore or Pommern, meaning "on the sea" was given to the district about the time of Charlemagne.

Breeders in Pomerania improved the coat and bred the dogs down for city living, but they were still 20 pounds or more when they reached England.

English breeders, through trial and error and Mendelian theories, are credited for reducing the dog's size and developing the many colors. The Pomeranian of today is small due to selective breeding, but the breed still retains the hardy disposition and thick coat typical of dogs in cold climates.

Orange Sable Pom's face Queen Charlotte first introduced the Pomeranian to English nobility, however; the Pom gained international popularity when her granddaughter Victoria returned from vacation in Florence, Italy with a Pomeranian named Marco.

(It should be noted that the Pomeranian as a modern breed did not exist until the 19th century, The dogs owned by Queen Charlotte & Queen Victoria were much larger and were European Spitz. Probably a German Spitz and a Volpino Italiano. The same is true of any other historical pom owners from before the 19th century)

The closest relatives of the Pomeranian are the Norwegian Elkhound, the Schipperke, the German Spitz(and American Eskimo Dog), the Samoyed, and the whole Spitz group.


Behavior
The Pomeranian is a very active dog who is intelligent, courageous, and a loyal companion. But due to its small size can suffer abuse from children. Beneath the pomeranian's fur is a small but muscular little dog, similar to a Chihuahua.

Pomeranians can be trained to be good watchdogs by announcing intruders with loud, sharp barks or yips. Unfortunately, lack of very dedicated training has instead led this breed to a reputation for constant, undirected barking. For this reason, these dogs can prove very stressful company for those unaccustomed to their vocal nature. But stating "NO!" in a firm, gentle voice will let them know when it is wrong for them to bark.

The Pomeranian easily adapts to life in the city, and is an excellent dog for country living with its strong hunting instincts from its wild ancestors.


Health
Pomeranians are prone to dislocated patella (kneecap), slipped stifle, heart problems, eye infections, skin irritations and tooth decay and early loss. It is recommended that they are fed dry dog food or crunchy Milk Bones daily to help keep the teeth and gums in good condition. Newborn Pom puppies are very tiny and fragile. Three newborns can be held in the palm of one’s hand. Dams on the smaller side often need to deliver by cesarean section. When the dog is old it may become molted with bald spots.

Advice
A daily or twice weekly brushing is essential to keep the thick, plush coat, which sheds seasonally, free of mats. Brushing also helps to prevent dry skin and dandruff.

Function
Pet.