Breed Organization Pembroke Welsh Corgi Club of America Website: http://www.pembrokecorgi.org Native Country Great Britain Other Names Pembroke Welsh Corgi, Corgi, Pembroke, Welsh Corgi Life Expectancy Approximately 11-14 Years Litter Size Average 5-8 Puppies Breed Group AKC Herding
Breed Appearance The Corgi is proportional to larger breeds but has shorter legs, yet has a sturdy appearance and an athletic body that helps it herd livestock such as
poultry, sheep and cattle. Its body is long, and it has a naturally long, bobbed, or artificially docked tail and erect, big ears. The corgi's head should be foxy in shape
and appearance. They differ from the closely related Cardigan Welsh Corgi by being shorter in length and having straighter legs. Pembroke Welsh Corgis are famed for being
the preferred breed of Queen Elizabeth II, who has owned more than 30 during her reign. These dogs have been favored by British royalty for more than seventy years.
Breed Description Head: Foxy in shape and appearance. Broad, flat skull. Stop not
pronounced. Tapered muzzle. Ears: Held erect. Moderately long, rounded at the tips. Eyes: Medium size, round. Variations of brown in harmony with
the coat color. Body: The Cardigan is larger than the Pembroke, but his chest
is not as broad. Belly slightly tucked up. Straight back. Tail: Cardigan: relatively long, richly clad, carried low at
rest. Pembroke: naturally short or docked at birth. Hair: Cardigan: short or medium length, harsh and straight;
short, thick undercoat. Pembroke: medium length, straight, thick,
neither harsh nor soft; dense undercoat. Coat: Cardigan: all colors acceptable, with or without white
markings, but white must not be dominant color. Pembroke: self
colors—red, sable, fawn, tan—with or without white markings on the
legs, forechest, neck, and head. Size: Cardigan: approx. 30 cm.Pembroke: 25 to 30 cm. Weight: Cardigan: 12 to 15 kg.Pembroke: Dog: 10 to 12 kg; Bitch
10 to 11 kg.
History The two Welsh Corgi varieties have similar origins. However, some
writers hold that their history differs. The Cardigan is thought to
have been introduced in Wales by the Celts, then crossed with Nordic
breeds and British sheepdogs. The Pembroke, on the other hand, is
said to have been introduced by Flemish weavers during the Middle
Ages and may be related to some Nordic breeds. The two varieties
were crossed in the 19th century, making them more similar in
appearance. Since 1934, each variety has had its own standard. The
Pembroke, the most common variety, owes his royal connections to
King George VI who introduced the breed to the court when he gave a
Pembroke to his daughter, Queen Elizabeth II.
Behavior Besides herding, they also function as watchdogs due to their alertness and tendency to bark only as needed. Most Pembrokes will seek the attention
of everyone they meet and behave well around children and other pets. It is important to socialise this breed with other animals, adults and children when they are very
young to avoid any anti-social behavior or aggression later in life. Due to their herding instinct, they love to chase anything that moves, so it is best to keep them inside
fenced areas. The herding instinct will also cause some younger Pembrokes to nip at their owner's ankles.[
Health Health problems may include degenerative myelopathy, hip dysplasia, and Von Willebrand's disease if their parents suffered from the same problems.
Advice This dog adapts readily to living indoors provided he receives regular
exercise and room to run. The Cardigan requires daily brushing; the
Pembroke requires weekly brushing.
Function Herder, Utility Dog: assistant, drug search, rescue, guard dog, Pet.