Breed Organization Norwegian Puffin Dog Association of America Website: www.nlaainc.com Native Country Norway Other Names Lundehund, Norsk Lundehund, Norwegian Lundehund, Chien Norvegien De Macareau, Lundehund Noruego Life Expectancy Approximately 12-14 Years Litter Size Average 2-3 Puppies Breed Group AKC Non-Sporting
Breed Appearance The Norwegian Puffin Dog is a small, rectangular Spitz type dog. The Lundehund has a great range of motion in its joints, allowing it to
fit into and extricate itself from narrow passages. Dogs of this breed are able to bend their head backwards along their own spine and turn their forelegs to
the side at a 90-degree horizontal angle to their body, much like human arms. Their pricked, upright ears can be folded shut to form a near-tight seal by folding
forward or backward. The Norwegian Puffin Dog is a polydactyl: instead of the normal four toes per foot, the Lundehund normally has six toes, all fully formed, jointed
and muscled. Some specimens may on occasion have more or fewer than six toes per foot. The outercoat is dense and rough with a soft undercoat. The Lundehund is
adapted to climb narrow cliff paths in Rost where it originally would have hunted puffins.
Breed Description Head: Medium width, conical shape. Slightly domed skull. Pronounced eyebrows. Pronounced stop. Slightly arched nose bridge.
Absence of premolars is common. Ears: Medium size, triangular. Broad at the base. Very mobile, carried erect. When the dog is underwater, the ear folds back
sealing the ear canal. Eyes: Slightly almond shaped. Yellowish-brown color. Body: Rectangular outline. Strong. Fairly strong neck with collarette. Long chest is well let down. Straight back. Slightly sloped
croup. Slightly tucked up belly. Tail: Set high. Moderate length. Richly clad. Carried either in a ring, slightly curled over the back, or hanging. Hair: Dense and heavy. Short on the head and front of the legs. Longer on the neck, back of the thighs, and tail. Soft undercoat. Coat: Color always in combination with white: chestnut to fawn sprinkled with black-tipped hairs; gray; white with dark spots.
Tips of hairs darken with age. Size: Dog: 35 to 38 cm.Bitch: 32 to 35 cm. Weight: Dog: approx. 7 kg.Bitch: approx. 6 kg.
History The Lundehund originated on Vaeroy Island, one of the Lofoten Islands off the northern coast of Norway. The breed is thought to
have been developed in the village of Mostad. In the past, the Lundeund was used for hunting web-footed birds and puffins
(Lunde in Norwegian) on cliffs and for guarding livestock. When this work was abandoned, the breed almost disappeared. It was
not reestablished until after 1960. This breed is esteemed for its special skills and the fact that its anatomical structure is
very similar to that of primitive dogs.
Behavior This vigorous, energetic, alert, lively dog has an independent streak, but is not aggressive. He is a cheerful, affectionate pet.
The breed is remarkably agile and flexible. In fact, Lundehund can turn his forelegs straight out at 90-degree angles, and his neck
is so flexible, he can touch his back with his head. Firm training is required.
Health Lundehund gastroenteropathy is a set of digestive disorders that can lead to an overgrowth of digestive bacteria, and a loss
of ability to absorb nutrients from food. In extreme cases the dog can starve due to its inability to derive nutrients and protein from food, regardless
of food intake. All Lundehunds have the genetics to have this illness, though not every Lundehund is severely afflicted and some are symptom free. There
is no cure, though the disease can be managed
Advice This dog cannot be confined indoors. He needs space and considerable exercise. Regular brushing and combing are required.