Breed Organization Newfoundland Club of America Website: http://www.ncanewfs.org Native Country Canada - Newfoundland Scandinavian Countries Great Britain, etc. Other Names Gentle Giant, Newfie, Newf Life Expectancy Approximately 8-10 Years Litter Size 8-10 Puppies Breed Group AKC Working
Breed Appearance Newfoundlands have webbed feet and a water-resistant coat. The Newfoundland's extremely large bones give it mass, while
its large musculature gives it the power it needs to take on rough ocean waves
and powerful tides. These dogs have great lung capacity for swimming extremely long distances, and a thick, oily and waterproof double coat which protects them
from the chill of icy waters. The droopy lips and jowls make the dog drool. In the water, the dog's massive webbed paws give it maximum propulsion. The swimming
stroke is not an ordinary dog paddle. Unlike other dogs, the Newfoundland moves its limbs in a down-and-out motion, which can be seen as a modified breaststroke.
This gives it more power with every stroke.
Breed Description Head: Broad and massive. Stop not too pronounced. Short, rather squarish muzzle. Ears: Small, triangular, lying close to the head. Eyes: Small and wide set. Dark brown color. Lighter in Browns. Body: Massive. Strong neck. Chest well let down. Broad, sloped croup. Broad back. Strong, muscular loin. Tail: Thick and strong at the root. Moderately long, reaching slightly past the hocks and carried down forming a slight curve. Hair: Long, straight (no curls), coarse. Oily feel, water-resistant. Feathering on the legs. Soft, thick undercoat. Coat: Acceptable colors: black (dull jet black), brown (chocolate or bronze), Landseer (British-American type). Black head with or
without blaze, black coat with markings. Black saddle and rump. White base coat. Size: Dog: average of 71 cm Bitch: average of 66 cm. Weight: Dog: approx. 68 kg Bitch: approx. 54 kg.
History Experts speculate that this breed may be descended from the black Scandinavian "Bear Dogs" brought over from Norway in the
sixteenth century, or perhaps from the Labrador, or Molosser dogs introduced by the Vikings, or the Leonberger, or the St. Bernard,
or the Great Pyrenees introduced by Basque fisherman. In reality, it is not know how the ancestors of the Newfoundland found
their way to Newfoundland in Canada. In the nineteenth century, French cod fisherman brought the Newfoundland to France. In England,
the breed was lauded by Byron and immortalized in Landseer's paintings.
Behavior This gentle, friendly, extraordinarily loyal dog is even-tempered, calm, and affectionate. He loves children but because of their size at a very young age,
small children could get accidentally leaned on and knocked down. While his appearance
may be formidable, the Newfoundland is not a guard dog. By instinct, he is a rescue dog. Because of his willingness to dive into the
water and swim for hours to save a drowning victim, he has been called the "St. Bernard of the sea." Training must be firm, but
undertaken with patience because this Newfoundland does not reach emotional maturity until two years of age.
Health There are several health problems associated with Newfoundlands. Newfoundlands are prone to hip dysplasia. They also
get Elbow dysplasia, and cystinuria. Another genetic problem is subvalvular aortic stenosis (SAS). This is a common heart defect in Newfoundlands
involving defective heart valves. SAS can cause sudden death at an early age.
Advice The Newfoundland can adapt to life as a housedog provided he is not left alone too often. He needs room to romp. This breed
does not tolerate heat well. Brushing twice per week is sufficient.