Breed Organization American Miniature Schnauzer Club Website:
http://amsc.us Native Country Germany Other Names Mini Schnauzer, Zwergschnauzer, Dwarf
Schnauzer Life Expectancy Approximately 13-15 Years Litter Size Average 3-6 Puppies Breed Group AKC Terrier
Breed Appearance Miniature Schnauzers are often described as
non-moulting dogs, and while this is not entirely true, their
shedding is minimal and generally unnoticeable. They are
characterized by a rectangular head with bushy beard, mustache and
eyebrows; teeth that meet in a "scissor bite"; oval and dark colored
eyes; and v-shaped, natural forward-folding ears (when cropped, the
ears point straight upward and come to a sharp point). Their tails
are naturally thin and short, and may be docked (where permitted).
They will also have very straight, rigid front legs, and feet that
are short and round (so-called "cat feet") with thick, black pads.
Breed Description Head: Strong, elongated. Pronounced
stop. Rectangular nose bridge. Shaggy muzzle ending in a blunt
wedge. Black lips. Ears: If cropped, carried erect. If natural, v-shaped, breaking
at skull level or small and held erect. Eyes: Oval. Dark color. Body: Square outline. Arched neck. Medium width chest with
moderately sprung ribs. Belly moderately tucked up. Short back
sloping gently toward the croup. Tail: Set high and carried erect. Docked to three vertebrae. Hair: Hard, wiry, thick. Dense undercoat. Wiry beard on the
muzzle; eyes slightly hidden by bushy eyebrows. Coat: Solid black or pepper and salt. Dark mask. White markings
are not desirable. Size: Miniature Schnauzer: 30 to 35 cm (12-14 in). Weight: Miniature Schnauzer: 4 to 7 kg. (9-15.5 lb).
History Schnauze means muzzle in German, so this breed
was named for its characteristic shaggy muzzle. Up to the nineteenth
century, Schnauzers were considered rough-haired Pinschers. There
are three Schnauzer varieties. The Standard Schnauzer's ancestry is
unknown since it has been around for a very long time. Perhaps its
roots can be traced to the Biberhund and a rough-haired ratter, or
shepherd breeds. The Standard Schnauzer was primarily used to clear
vermin. The Giant Schnauzer is thought to be the result of
crossbreeding of the Standard Schnauzer, the Great Dane, and the
Belgian Cattle Dog. Of course, the Giant Schnauzer may simply be an
enlarged model of the Standard Schnauzer. Depicted in one of artist
Albrecht Dürer's works, the Giant Schnauzer was probably developed
in the Wurtemberg region. These dogs guarded farm carts and kept
stables free of vermin. The Miniature Schnauzer was developed around
1880. Farmers bred the Standard Schnauzer into a smaller, more
compact size for ratting by combining it with the Affenpinscher and
Miniature Poodle.[In Europe, the Giant Schnauzer is the most popular
variety, but in English-speaking countries, the Miniature Schnauzer
is more common.
Behavior Usually easy to train, they tend to be
excellent watchdogs with a good territorial instinct, but more
inclined toward barking than biting. They are often aloof with
strangers until the owners of the home welcome the guest, upon which
they are typically very friendly to them. They are highly playful
dogs, and, if not given the outlet required for their energy, they
can become bored and invent their own "fun". Miniature Schnauzers
can compete in dog agility trials, obedience, showmanship, flyball,
and tracking. Schnauzers have a high prey drive, which means they
may attack other small pets such as birds, snakes, and rodents. Many
will also attack cats, but this may be curbed with training, or if
the dog is raised with cats.
Health Prone to liver disease, kidney stones,
diabetes, skin disorders, von Willebrand's disease and cysts. Also
hereditary eye problems. He gains weight easily, do not over feed.
Advice Schnauzers should not be confined indoors. They
are active dogs and need space and considerable exercise to stay fit
and maintain their mental health. Daily brushing and professional
grooming once every three months is required.
Function Dog Agility Trials, Obedience, Showmanship,
Flyball, and Tracking. Pet.