Breed Organization American Manchester Terrier Club Website: www.americanmanchester.org Native Country Great Britain Other Names Black and Tan Terrier Life Expectancy Approximately 18 Years Litter Size Average 2-4 Puppies Breed Group AKC Terrier
Breed Appearance The Manchester Terrier is considered to be the
oldest of terrier breeds, with mention in records as early as the
16th century. The Manchester Terrier has reportedly maintained
consistency in type and appearance since then, with some variation
and some purposeful changes.
The Manchester Terrier comes in two varieties: standard and toy. The
standard variety was popularized in England during the 19th century
as vermin hunters. The toy variety became popular as a pet during
Queen Victoria's reign in England, more for its appearance.
Breed Description Head: Long and tight skinned. Flat,
narrow, wedge-shaped skull. Muzzle tapers toward the nose. Tight
lips. Ears: Small, v-shaped, carried well above the level of the head
and falling forward toward the eyes. Eyes: Small, almond-shaped. Dark color. Body: Short. Fairly long neck without dewlap. Chest is narrow
between the legs and deep in the brisket. Ribs well sprung. Belly
tucked up. Tail: Short, thick at the root and tapering toward the tip.
Carried slightly below the level of the back. Hair: Short, smooth, dense; not soft. Coat: Jet black and rich mahogany tan. Separation of colors
must be clearly demarcated. Muzzle, jaws, throat, body extremities
and inside of the forelegs are tan. Small tan spot on each cheek and
above each eye. The nasal bone, body and feet must be jet black. Size: Dog : 39 to 42 cm (15,5-16,5 in).Bitch : 37 to 40 cm
(14,5-15,7 in). Weight: 7,5 to 8 kg (16,5-17,7 lb).
History The Manchester Terrier is the oldest known
terrier breed. Developed as a rat hunter in nineteenth century
Manchester, England by a man named John Hulme, it has earned the
nickname of "rat terrier" because of its tenacity at catching rats
and mice. It is considered to be the best vermin hunting breed. The
Manchester Terrier was developed by crossing the Black and Tan
Terrier and the Whippet. There are two types of Manchester Terrier:
Standard and Toy. The Toy variety became popular during the reign of
Queen Victoria, when smaller dogs were very popular. The Standard
Manchester still retains the ability to be a prized ratter, but the
breed as a whole is a companion dog. The Manchester Terrier has gone
down in popularity. The Manchester Terrier was used in the
development of several breeds, among them the Doberman Pinscher, and
the Airedale Terrier.
Behavior This robust, hardy, courageous dog is eager,
fast and rather obstinate, though he is a cheerful, affectionate
pet. The Manchester Terrier requires firm training.
Health Some are prone to a bleeding disorder called
Von Willebrand's disease, but this is rare and wounds heal quickly.
If left out in the sun for long periods, heat bumps may appear along
Advice The Manchester Terrier adjusts well to life as
a house dog. Daily brushing is required.
Function This breed is a good ratter. Guard Dog, Pet.