Breed Organization English Setter Association of America Website:
http://www.esaa.com Native Country Great Britain Other Names Laverack Setter, English Setter Life Expectancy Approximately 10-12 Years Litter Size Average 6-8 Puppies Breed Group AKC Sporting
Breed Appearance The English Setter is a medium size breed of
dog. It is part of the Setter family, which includes the Red Irish
Setters, Irish Red and White Setters, and Black-and-Tan Gordon
Setters. The mainly white body coat is of medium length with long
silky fringes on the back of the legs, under the belly and on the
tail. The coat features flecks of color, and the different color
varieties are referred to as belton. A gentle but at times
strong-willed, mischievous gun dog, bred for a mix of endurance and
athleticism, it is used to hunt for game such as quail, pheasant,
and grouse. When working, the dog will hunt methodically seeking the
airborne scent of its prey. It is sometimes referred to as the
Laverack or Llewellin Setter as these were famous strains of the
breed during the major development period in the 19th-century. Those
from hunting stock are generally of a finer build and with less coat
than those bred for show exhibition.
Breed Description Head: Long, cleanly cut, carried high.
Oval skull. Prominent occipital peak. Pronounced stop. Fairly square
muzzle. Strong jaws. Nose black or liver, depending on coat color.
Lips not too pendulous. Ears: Set on low, medium in length, falling in well-defined
folds against the cheeks. Eyes: Hazel to dark brown. Body: Moderately long. Neck fairly long, muscular, cleanly cut,
slightly curved, without dewlap. Chest well let-down, deep, high,
broad. Well-sprung ribs. Loin broad, strong, slightly clean-flanked.
Short, level back. Tail: Medium in length, curved loosely inward or carried in
sickle fashion. Long feathering. Hair: Starting from the back of the head behind ears, slightly
wavy but not curly, long, and silky. Feathering on the legs. Coat: Black and white (blue belton), orange and white (orange
belton), lemon and white (lemon belton), brown and white (liver
belton), or tricolor (black, white, and tan or brown). All patterns
without heavy patching on the body. An entirely flecked coat is
preferable. Size: Dog: 65 to 68 cm. (25.5-27 in).Bitch: 61 to 65 cm.
(24-25.5 in). Weight: 25-30 kg (55-66 lb).
History The English Setter is the oldest British setter
type dog. In the sixteenth century, he was used in netting game
birds. He was named the Laverack Setter after E. Laverack, a breeder
from Shropshire County who modified and improved the breed beginning
in 1825 through inbreeding and selection. Laverack continued his
efforts for fifty years. He is believed to have used pointers
(including the English Pointer) and spaniels. The new breed was
recognized by the Kennel Club by 1873. The first English Setters
were imported to France in 1879, and the first breed club was
founded in 1891. Together with the Brittany Spaniel, the English
Setter is the best known and most common setter type breed.
Behavior Hardy, enthusiastic, lively, and fast, the
English Setter can hunt on all types of terrain but is best suited
to wetlands and swamps, rather than dry terrain. With his excellent
nose, he has a wide search range and skims over the ground at a
fluid trot, approaching game much like a cat. He sets (points game)
either half-crouched or flat on the ground. Woodcock is one of his
specialties. Very friendly, gentle, affectionate, and good-natured,
he is often kept as a pet. He needs firm but gentle, patient
Health English Setters are prone to an inherited
tendency of blindness. The whiter variety has more risk of
developing allergies, skin conditions, and hip and elbow dysplasia.
Other health concerns include hypothyroidism and deafness.
Advice He needs space and exercise. He does not like
being confined. He requires brushing twice weekly, as well as
regular attention to the ears.