Canine Breed Menu

Lapplandska Spetz

Lapplandska Spetz

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Breed Organization
United Kennel Club
Native Country
Other Names
Swedish Lapphund, Swedish Spitz, Svensk Lapphund
Life Expectancy
Approximately 12-13 Years
Litter Size
Average 4-6 Puppies
Breed Group
Breed Appearance
The Swedish Lapphund is a spitz type dog with a rectangular shape. It has a weatherproof coat. The under coat is dense and consists of finer hairs. The outer coat is woolly and thick with erect hairs.

Breed Description
Head: Strong lines. Domed skull. Pronounced stop. Straight muzzle. Tight lips.
Ears: Short, broad at the base, wide set, very mobile. Held erect.
Eyes: Dark color.
Body: Long. Moderately long neck. Ribs well sprung. Belly very slightly tucked up. Straight back.
Tail: Moderate length or short. Thick. Often carried over the loin.
Hair: Long, straight, dense. Shorter on the head and front of the legs. Collarette at the neck. Soft, thick undercoat.
Coat: Solid or pied black or liver.
Size: Dog: 45 to 50 cm (18-20 in).Bitch: 40 to 45 cm (16-18 in).
Weight: 15 to 20 kg (33-44 lb).

Originating in Finland, the Swedish Lapphund may be descended from the arctic wolf and the 7,000-year old Varanger Dog, which was discovered in northern Norway. If this is true, the Swedish Lapphund may be the common ancestor of all spitz dogs. The Lapphund has always been used to guard livestock and pull sleds. The breed has been popular in Switzerland for centuries but was not recognized by the FCI until 1944.

In Sweden dogs have their temperament tested by a system called mentalbeskrivning. Results for the Swedish lapphund show a curious, intrepid, and friendly breed which is playful and non-aggressive. They are easily trained, strong, and very devoted to their family. Early training is essential to prevent excessive barking.

Hard work in the barren landscape of northern Scandinavia has created a very resilient breed.

The Lapplandska Spetz needs a lot of exercise and room to run. Regular brushing and combing is required.

The breed also has a number of certificated search and rescue dogs and army dogs. The Swedish lapphund is also a very multifaceted hunting dog, mainly used for hunting elk and forest birds, but also deer, wild boar and bear. It is also a skilled tracking dog in searching for wounded or killed game. In addition to their versatility as working animals, the breed is also extremely popular as a competitive show dog.

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