Breed Organization Norwich Terrier Club of America Website: http://norwichterrierclub.org Native Country Great Britain Other Names Norwich Terrier, Trumpington Terrier, Cantab Terrier Life Expectancy Approximately 12-14 Years Litter Size Average 1-3 Puppies Breed Group AKC Terrier
Breed Appearance The Norwich Terrier, spirited and stocky with sensitive prick ears and a slightly foxy expression, is one of the smallest working terriers. This sturdy descendent
of ratting companions, eager to dispatch small vermin alone or in a pack, has good bone and substance and an almost weatherproof coat.
Breed Description Head: Round. Broad, slightly domed skull. Distinct stop. Wedge-shaped muzzle. Strong jaws. Tight lips. Ears: Medium size, set well apart. Held erect. Eyes: Small, oval. Dark color. Body: Compact. Strong neck. Chest well let down. Broad, strong hindquarters. Short loin. Short back. Tail: Medium docked; carried gaily. Medium length; thick at the root and tapering to the tip; should be as straight as
possible and carried high. Hair: Harsh, wiry, straight, lying close to the skin. Longer and bushier on the neck, forming a collarette. Thick undercoat. Coat: All shades of red, wheaten, black and tan, or grizzle. White markings or patches are not desirable. Size: 25 to 26 cm (9,8-10,2 in). Weight: Approx. 5 kg (11 lb).
History The Norwich Terrier originated in Norwich, the capital of Norfolk, in 1870. The breed was the result of crossing red terriers with
black and tan or gray terriers. The Norwich Terrier is identical to the Norfolk, except that the Norwich carries his ears erect rather
than along the head like the Norfolk. For many years, the two were simply considered separate varieties of the same breed. By 1914, the
Norwich Terrier had almost disappeared, but the breed was reconstructed from a few remaining specimens crossed with perhaps the Staffordshire
Bull Terrier, the Bull Terrier, and the Bedlington Terrier. The Norwich Terrier was recognized by The Kennel Club in 1932. This mascot of
Cambridge University is less common than the Norfolk Terrier.
Behavior This robust, exceptionally energetic dog is eager and bold and has a strong personality. He does not bark often. This breed is an excellent
bolter and hunter of vermin, though the Norwich Terrier is also a good pet. Firm training is necessary.
Health The Norwich Terrier does have a predisposition for some health issues but studies to determine the exact mode of inheritance or the exact frequency in
the breed are unknown or have not been conclusive. At present there are no disorders identified as "most important". Of secondary magnitude, cataracts are recognized as a
disorder that has been reported sporadically and may be inherited. Also of a secondary magnitude there are instances of epilepsy, narrow tracheas, luxating patellas, hip
dysplasia, mitral valve disease, atopy(allergic inhalant dermatitis)] and incorrect bites (how the teeth meet when the jaws are closed).
Like all dogs, Norwich Terriers can have autoimmune reactivity to rabies vaccinations. Rabies-Vaccine-Induced Ischemic Dermatopathy, or RVI-ID, is a non-fatal but potentially
serious reaction to chemicals called adjuvants in the vaccine. RVI-ID is often misdiagnosed, but if correctly diagnosed, is treatable. Symptoms may include: symmetrical
dark spots or lesions at the tips of the ears; swelling, hard lumps or dark spots in the vicinity of the injection site.
Higher volume Norwich breeders are seeing more dogs with breathing concerns, and the Norwich and Norfolk Terrier Club (USA) has formed a new "Health and Genetics Sub-Committee
for Research on Upper Airway Syndrome in Norwich Terriers". Upper Airway Syndrome (UAS) covers all abnormalities that can occur in the upper airway, including: elongated soft
palates; too short soft palates; narrow/misshapen tracheas; collapsing tracheas; stenotic nares (nasal passages that are too small); swollen tonsils; everted laryngeal saccules. These
upper airway disorders can occur singly or in combination with one or two others. All compromise the airway and the dog's ability to breathe normally; the dog's breathing often
sounds raspy or moist. It may be that shorter muzzles may have increased incidence of such issues.
Advice The small supply and the high price of a purebred Norwich Terrier - often around US$2,500 in 2008 - has attracted fraud, as unsuspecting buyers pay full
price for Cairn Terriers with docked tails, or mixed-breed puppies. The Norwich Terrier can live in a city if he gets plenty of exercise. Brushing and combing three times per week
is required. This breed should be professionally groomed two to four times per year.