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Hollandse Herder

Hollandse Herder


No Additional Pictures
Breed Organization
American Dutch Shepherd Association
Website: http://www.americandutchshepherdassoc.org
Native Country
Netherlands
Other Names
Dutch Shepherd, Hollandse Herdershond
Life Expectancy
Approximately 12-14 Years
Litter Size
Average 8-10 Puppies
Breed Group
Herding - AKC/FSS
Breed Appearance
The Dutch Shepherd is a medium-sized, medium weight, well-proportioned, well-muscled dog of powerful, well-balanced structure, with intelligent expression and lively temperament. Depending on the coat the breed is distinguished as short-hair, long-hair, or rough-hair.

Coat Varieties:

Short-hair: All over the body, quite hard, close-fitting, not too short coat with woolly undercoat. Ruff, breeches and tail plume are clearly visible.

Long-hair: All over the body, long, straight, well fitting, harsh to the touch, without curls or waves and with a woolly undercoat. Distinct ruff and breeches. Tail abundantly coated. Head, ears and feet and also the hind legs below the hocks are short and densely coated. The backsides of the forelegs show a strongly developed coat, shortening in length towards the feet, the so-called feathering. No fringes at the ears.

Rough-hair: Dense, harsh tousled coat and a woolly, dense undercoat all over the body except for the head. The coat should be close. Upper- and lower lip should be well-covered with hair, the whiskers and beard, and two well defined, coarse rough eyebrows that are distinct but not exaggerated. Furnishings are not soft. The hair on the skull and on the cheeks is less strongly developed. In profile it seems as if the head has a more square appearance. Strongly developed breeches are desirable. Tail is covered all round with hair. The brindle color may be less pronounced because of the tousled coat.

Color Brindle: The basic color is golden or silver. Golden can vary from light sand-colored to chestnut red. The brindle is clearly present all over the body, in the ruff, breeches and tail. Too much black is undesirable. A black mask is preferable. Heavy white markings on chest or feet is not desirable.


Breed Description
Head: Clean, long, not massive. The rough-haired variety has a slightly more blocky head. Straight forehead. Stop barely perceptible. The muzzle is slightly longer than the skull.
Ears: Small, erect, held forward. Rounded ears are not permitted.
Eyes: Almond-shaped, of medium size. Dark color.
Body: Solid and well-balanced. No dewlap. Deep chest. Ribs are slightly sprung. Solid loin. Straight, short, powerful back.
Tail: Attached low, hanging in a slight curve. Reaches the hocks when relaxed; carried high when in motion.
Hair: The most common variety has short hair over all of the body, with a wooly undercoat. Collarette, culottes, and flag tail. Long-haired variety has long hair over all of the body lying close to the body. Straight, harsh, not wavy or curly, with a wooly undercoat. Tail is covered with long, thick hair. The rough-haired variety has thick, wiry hair over all of the body, held away from the body by a thick, wooly undercoat. Dense, long hair on tail and long culottes.
Coat: Short and long-haired varieties: shades of brindle on a brown or gray background. Black mask preferred. Rough-haired variety: blue-gray, salt and pepper, gold or silver brindle
Size: Dog: 57 to 62 cm. (22.5-24.5 in).Bitch: 55 to 60 cm (21.6-23.6 in).
Weight: Approx. 30 kg. (66 lb).


History
The Dutch Shepherd was discovered as a naturally occurring shepherd's dog type living in the rural areas of the larger region that today includes The Netherlands. When the first breed standard was written in 1898, the coat could be any color. But in 1914 it was decided to allow only brindle to distinguish the breed from the then similar German Shepherd and Belgian Shepherd. The breeds eventually diverged into the three distinct breeds as known today. However, the Dutch Shepherd remains nearly the same dog it was more than 100 years ago. Today the Dutch Shepherd is distinguished from the Belgian and German Shepherds by the details specified in the breed standard, primarily of the head.

Behavior
This lively, rustic breed has great endurance and is an excellent jumper. He is affectionate, calm, loyal, gentle with children, and very attached to his owner. The Dutch Shepherd is fairly aggressive toward other dogs. A guard dog to the core, he makes an excellent army or police dog.

Health
The breed has no serious physical or mental hereditary illnesses.

Advice
This dog needs heavy physical activity on a daily basis. The three hair-types require weekly brushing.

Function
Originally the main function of the Dutch Shepherd Dog was that of a shepherd’s dog in the countryside. From early times, the Dutch had an arable culture that was maintained by flocks of sheep. The dogs had to keep the flock away from the crops, which they did by patrolling the borders of the road and the fields. They also accompanied the flocks on their way to the common meadows, markets and ports. At the farm, they kept the hens away from the kitchen garden, they herded the cows together for milking and pulled the milk carts. They also alerted the farmers when strangers entered the farmyard. Around 1900, sheep flocks had for the greater part disappeared in the Netherlands. The versatile skills of the Dutch Shepherd Dog made him suitable for dog training, which was then starting to become popular. They were then trained and used as police dogs, as search and tracking dogs, and as guide dogs for the blind. They are, however, still capable of herding sheep.


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