Breed Organization American Brussels Griffon Association Website: http://www.brussels-griffon.info Native Country Belgium Other Names Brussels Griffon, Griffon Belge, Belgian Griffons, Petit Brabancon Life Expectancy Approximately 12-15 Years Litter Size Average 1-3 Puppies Breed Group AKC Toy, Terrier
Breed Appearance They have a look on their face that many say
makes them look almost human. Some people say they even remind them
of the Wookiee from the movie “Star Wars”. When you see them walk,
it is more like a trot. Their head is held high and think they are
just the thing! They know who they are and they want you to know it
too. They have ears that are high set and their jaws stick out so
their lower incisors protrude over the upper jaw and that gives them
the appearance of smiling.
Breed Description Head: Broad and round. Well-domed
forehead. Prominent chin. Lower incisors cover upper incisors in an
underbite. Hard, tousled hair, long around the eyes, nose, cheeks,
and chin. Wide, black nose. Ears: Very straight, always cropped to a point. Eyes: Very large, round, black. Eyelids edged with black. Body: Square build. Chest fairly broad and deep. Tail: Raised, docked by one-third. Hair: Brussels and Griffon Bruxellois: medium in length, hard,
tousled, dense.- Small Brabant: short. Coat: Brussels Griffon: Reddish-brown. Minimal black markings
on the mustache and chin are tolerated.- Belgian Griffon: Black,
black and tan, and a combination of black and reddish-brown are the
only colors allowed.- Small Brabant: reddish-brown and black and tan
are the only colors allowed. A black mask is not a fault. Size: Large variety: approx. 28 cm.Small variety: approx. 24
cm. Weight: Large: dog: less than 4.5 kg; bitch: less than 5
kg.Small: dog: less than 3 kg; bitch: less than 3 kg.
History There are three varieties of small Belgian dogs
that differ only in coat type and color:- The Brussels Griffon
(Brussels Griffontje) has hair of medium length;- The Belgian
Griffon (Belgische Griffontje) also has hair of medium length; and-
The Small Brabant (Kleine Brabandere) has short hair.- The Brussels
Griffon, the oldest variety, is descended from the Barbet (Belgian
kennels). Selection and improvement of the variety began before 1880
in Brussels. Numerous crosses were made with the Barbet (Belgian
kennels), griffons (Belgian kennels), the Brussels Griffon , the
Yorkshire Terrier, the Pug, and the solid ruby (reddish-brown) King
Charles Spaniel. The Brussels Griffon was first shown in Brussels in
1880. The first standard was published in 1883 and modified in 1904.
Belgium's Royale Saint-Hubert recognizes the Brussels Griffon and
its two varieties, the Belgian Griffon and the Small Brabant.
Specimens were first shown in France in 1889, in the city of
Roubaix. In 1894, the Central Canine Society created a class for
Brussels Terriers. Breeding was interrupted by both World Wars.
Great Britain is the country with the highest population of small
griffons. In France, the population remains very limited.- The
Belgian Griffon was developed by crossing the Brussels Griffon with
the Pug and perhaps with toy terriers. The type was set in 1905, and
the Central Canine Society recognized it as a distinct breed in
1908. The Belgian Griffon nearly went extinct during World War I.
Breeding resumed in 1928, but the Belgian Griffon is the least
common of the small Belgian dogs.- The Small Brabant is also
descended from a cross between griffons (Belgian kennels) and other
breeds, particularly the Pug. The Small Brabant is very uncommon.
Behavior Brussels Griffon: Tough, energetic, lively, and
merry, this dog is very attached to his owner. He rarely barks, but
his vigilance makes him a good little watchdog.- Belgian Griffon:
This lively, merry, even-tempered dog is quite tough and vigorous
and makes a very good pet. Vigilant and vocal, he makes a good
watchdog. He is also a good eliminator of pests.- Small Brabant:
This very confident, lively, strong-willed dog is quite intelligent
and makes a good pet.These dogs need firm training.
Health Prone to slipped stifle, eye and respiratory
problems. Sensitive to the heat. Not the easiest whelpers; dams
often require a cesarean section.
Advice The Brussels Griffon is well-suited to
apartment life but does not like being left alone. This very clean
dog requires regular brushing and must be groomed every three months
to maintain his handsome appearance. He does not tolerate heat well.
His eyes must be checked regularly.- The Belgian Griffon can live in
an apartment, as long as he gets regular walks. He requires daily
brushing and regular grooming. His eyes and the folds on his face
must be checked regularly.- The Small Brabant is a very clean city
dog. Regular brushing is enough to maintain his wiry coat.