Breed Organization Greyhound Club of America Website:
http://www.greyhoundclubofamerica.org Native Country Great Britain Other Names English Greyhound Life Expectancy Approximately 10-12 Years Litter Size Average 8+ Puppies Breed Group AKC - Hound
Breed Appearance The Greyhound is a very old European breed of
dog, a sighthound which has been historically bred for coursing game
and latterly Greyhound racing. Since the rise in large scale
adoption of retired racing Greyhounds, particularly in North America
from the end of the 20th century, it has seen a resurgence in
popularity as a family pet.
It is a gentle and intelligent breed whose combination
of long, powerful legs, deep chest, flexible spine and slim build
allows it to reach average race speeds in excess of 18 meters per
second (59 feet per second, or 63 kilometres per hour (39 mph)). The
greyhound can reach a full speed of 70 kilometres per hour (43 mph)
within 30 meters or six strides from the boxes, traveling at almost
20 meters per second for the first 250 meters of a race.
Breed Description Head: Long, moderately wide. Flat skull.
Slight stop. Long muzzle. Powerful jaws. Black, pointed nose. Ears: Small, thin, rose-shaped. Eyes: Oval, set at a slant. Preferably dark. Body: Generously proportioned. Neck long, arched, without
dewlap. High, ample chest. Long, well-sprung ribs. Powerful, arched
loin. Pronounced tuck-up. Tail: Set on fairly low, long, thick at the base, and tapering
toward the tip. Carried low and curving slightly inward. Hair: Close-lying or short, fine, and dense. Coat: Black, white, red, blue, fawn, pale fawn, brindle, or any
of these colors with white patches. Size: Dog: 71 to 76 cm. (28-30 in).Bitch: 68 to 71 cm. (27-28
in). Weight: Approx. 30 kg (66 lb).
History Like the Arabian Greyhound and the Saluki, the
Greyhound is thought to be descended from the Tesem, an ancient
Egyptian sighthound featured on the tombs of the pharaohs. He
arrived in Europe via Greece and was brought to Britain by the
Phoenicians. «Greyhound» is thought to be derived from «Greek
Hound.» The Spanish Greyhound imported to England is thought to have
contributed to the breed, developed during the reign of King Henry
VIII for hunting hare, or coursing. At the request of Queen
Elizabeth I, the Duke of Norfolk established guidelines for judging
sighthounds in outdoor hare coursing. By 1927, the Greyhound was
used in artificial hare coursing at dog race tracks. Built to race,
the Greyhound is to sighthounds what the thoroughbred is to horses -
a magnificent running machine.
Behavior Lively, vigorous, and bold, the Greyhound has
great stamina and is known as the world's fastest sighthound, able
to reach speeds of 70 km/h. With his excellent eyesight, he is a
first-rate hunter and courser. At the dog track, the Greyhound is
the Formula 1 of the canine world. He is affectionate, gentle, calm,
intelligent, and good-natured. He is indifferent toward strangers
and needs firm training.
Health Thin skin which may tear easily, hemophilia,
anesthesia sensitivity, eye disease and bloat. Bloat is a health
issue to most dogs, being the second largest killer of dogs other
than cancer, but Greyhounds can be particularly susceptible to it
because of their deep chests. Racing Greyhounds may suffer from a
variety of muscle and limb injuries, although they are among very
few breeds not to suffer from hip dysplasia.
Advice He needs space and must run every single day.
He requires daily brushing.