Canine Breed Menu

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog


Additional
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
Pictures
Breed Organization
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Club of America
Website: http://www.gsmdca.org
Native Country
Switzerland
Other Names
Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund, Large Swiss Mountain Dog, Great Swiss Cattle Dog, Bouvier Suisse, Swissy
Life Expectancy
Approximately 9-11 Years
Litter Size
Averave 4-8 Puppies
Breed Group
AKC Working
Breed Appearance
The breed is large and heavy-boned with great physical strength, but is still agile enough to perform the all-purpose farm duties it was originally used for. It's breed standard calls for a black, white, and rust colored coat.

Breed Description
Head: Powerful without bulkiness. Broad, flat skull. Stop not pronounced. Powerful muzzle. Black lips.
Ears: Medium size, set on moderately high, triangular, hanging flat against the cheeks.
Eyes: Medium size, almond shape. Hazelnut or chestnut color.
Body: Powerful but not massive. Powerful, thick neck without dewlap. Broad, well let down chest. Broad forechest. Belly and flanks slightly tucked up.
Tail: Thick, hanging down and reaching the hocks at rest.
Hair: Medium length, dense. Thick undercoat.
Coat: Black background with symmetrical rich rust and white markings. Rust markings between the black and white markings on the cheeks, above the eyes, inside the ears, on each side of the chest, on all four legs, and under the tail. White blaze and muzzle; white markings on forechest, feet, and tip of the tail.
Size: Dog: 65 to 72 cm Bitch: 60 to 68 cm.
Weight: Dog: approx. 40 kg Bitch: approx. 35 kg


History
The ancestors of the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog are the powerful tri-color dogs referred to as (butcher mastiffs.) In the latter Middle Ages, this breed went to battle with Swiss soldiers. In 1908, two Short-haired Bernese Mountain Dogs were exhibited at a show. Dr. Albert Heim was present at the show and recognized them as survivors of the large butcher mastiffs that were on the verge of extinction. In 1909, the Swiss registry recognized the variety as a distinct breed. The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog club, created in 1912, implemented a breeding program to restore the breed. The standard for the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog was published for the first time by the FCI in 1939.

Behavior
This attentive, alert dog has remarkable endurance. He is easy to train and serves many purposes, such as guard dog protecting cattle, farms, and homes, draft dog, and rescue dog searching out victims buried in avalanches. As a pet, he is loyal and gentle and very fond of children.

Health
It is relatively healthy for its size and tends to have far fewer problems than more popular breeds in its size range.

Advice
The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog needs a lot of exercise and room to run. Regular brushing is required.

Function
Cattle Driver, Draft Dog, Guard Dog, Rescue Dog, Pet.


Dogs
Horse Herd