Breed Organization Golden Retriever Club of America Website:
http://www.grca.org Native Country Great Britain Other Names Flat-Coated Golden, Goldens Life Expectancy Approximately 10-12 Years Litter Size Average 6-10 Puppies Breed Group AKC Sporting
Breed Appearance The Golden Retriever is a large, strongly-built
breed with a dense water-repellant wavy coat. As a dog with origins
in pedigree breeding, and due to its widespread historical
popularity, some regional variations have emerged in the breed;
therefore, there are three sub-types of the Golden Retriever that
reflect the typical variations in dimensions and coat. However, all
Golden Retrievers are blonde, yellow, or gold in color and all
sub-types are susceptible to the same health problems.
British type Golden Retrievers are prevalent throughout Europe and
Australia, and are distinguished from the North American lines by
the official breed standards. The muzzle of the British dog is wider
and shorter, and its forehead is blockier. Its legs are shorter, its
chest is deeper, and its tail is slightly shorter. Due to these
features, a British type usually weighs more than an American or
Canadian. Males will be between 56 and 61 cm (22 and 24 in) at the
withers; females will be slightly shorter, at between 51 and 56 cm
(20 and 22 in). Acceptable or expected weights are not specified in
the UK standard, but the KC standard calls for a level topline and
straight hindquarters without the slight rear angulation found in
American lines. The eyes of the European type are noted for their
roundness and darkness, which is in contrast to the triangular or
slanted composition of their American counterparts. A Golden
Retriever of British breeding can have a coat color of any shade of
gold or cream; red or mahogany are not permitted colors of coat.
Originally, cream was an unacceptable color in the UK standard, but
the standard was revised in 1936 to include cream. At the time of
this revision, it was agreed the exclusion of cream as a color was a
mistake, as the original "yellow" retrievers of the 19th century
were actually lighter in color than was permitted by the standards
that were used before 1936. As with American lines, white is an
unacceptable color in the show ring. The British KC standard is used
in all countries except the USA and Canada. Golden Retrievers have
muscular bodies with great endurance, owing to their origins as
hunting and gundogs.
American Golden Retrievers are taller than the British type, but
retain its thick coat. The American Goldens are lankier and less
stocky than British types. Males will stand between 23 and 24 in (58
and 61 cm) in height at the withers; females will be 21.5–22.5 in
(55–57 cm). Their coat is dense and water-repellent, and comes in
various shades of lustrous gold with moderate feathering. When
trotting, they have a free, smooth, powerful, and well-coordinated
gait; as the dog runs, its feet converge towards the centre of the
line of balance. The American standard also makes requirements about
the proportion, substance, head and skull, neck, body, topline,
forequarters, and hindquarters; in these respects, the American type
Retriever is the same as Golden Retrievers that conform to other
national standards. American breeders of Golden Retrievers sometimes
import their dogs from Britain, in order to take advantage of the
temperament and appearance of the British types.
Canadian Golden Retriever has a thinner coat and stands taller than
other varieties of Golden Retriever. As with American Golden
Retrievers, Canadians are often taller and leaner than their British
counterparts. However, Canadian retrievers differ in the density and
color of their coats, which are commonly thinner and darker than
those of Americans.
Breed Description (British) Head: Well-proportioned, finely
chiseled. Broad skull. Pronounced stop. Powerful muzzle. Black nose.
Strong jaws. Ears: Set on at about eye level, medium in size. Eyes: Widely spaced, dark brown. Dark edges of eyelids. Body: Powerful, well-balanced. Neck moderately long, cleanly
cut, and muscular. Chest well let-down. Well-sprung ribs. Short,
strong back. Tail: Set on and carried level with the topline. Reaching to
the hock. Does not curl at the tip. Hair: Flat or wavy with abundant feathering. Dense, waterproof
undercoat. Coat: Any shade of golden or cream. Should not be red or
mahogany. Sparse white hairs allowed only on the chest. Size: Dog: 56 to 61 cm. (22-24 in).Bitch: 51 to 56 cm. (20-22
in). Weight: Dog: 26 to 31.5 kg. (57.5-69.5 lb).Bitch: 25 to 27 kg.
History The Golden Retriever most likely descended from
the same strain as the Labrador and was improved through various
crosses (of the yellow Flat-coated Retriever from Newfoundland with
Scottish water spaniels and other breeds). The breed was stabilized
in England in the nineteenth century. Some believe that the Golden
Retriever was created by crossing the Bloodhound with yellow dogs
from the Caucasus Mountains - Russian Yellow Retrievers - used in
Scotland to retrieve wounded game. The Golden Retriever was
recognized by the Kennel Club in 1913. In the United States, the
Golden is a very popular pet.
Behavior Hardy, vigorous, and active, the Golden
Retriever has an excellent nose and works both in water and in
thickets. He is a tenacious tracker, although less methodical than
the Labrador. He excels at retrieving waterfowl and has a remarkable
memory. Lacking aggressiveness, he rarely barks and is not a
watchdog. Very gentle, intelligent, calm, and even-tempered, he
makes a wonderful pet. He needs firm but gentle training.
Health Prone to cancer including mast cell tumors.
Also prone to hip dysplasia, Von Willebrand's disease, heart
problems and congenital eye defects. Skin allergies are common in
Golden Retrievers and often require veterinary attention. Gain
weight easily; do not overfeed.
Advice He is not suited to apartment life because he
needs lots of exercise. He hates being left alone. He requires
brushing once or twice weekly, as well as combing during the
Function Hunting Dog, Utility Dog: Guide Dog, Wreckage
Search Dog, Drug Detection Dog, Companion Dog.