Breed Organization German Shorthaired Pointer Club of America Website:
http://www.gspca.org Native Country Germany Other Names German Shorthaired Pointing Dog, German Shorthair, Deutscher Kurzhaariger Vorstehhund, Deutsch Kurzhaar, Kurzhaar Life Expectancy Approximately 14-16 Years Litter Size Average 7-8 Puppies Breed Group AKC Sporting
Breed Appearance The German Shorthaired Pointer is a versatile
hunter and an all around gun dog capable of high performance in
field and water. German Shorthaired Pointers are excellent
watchdogs. They are one of three different breeds of the same kind:
German Shorthaired Pointers, German Long-Haired Pointers, and the
German Wirehaired Pointers.
Breed Description Head: Cleanly cut, neither too
lightweight nor too heavy. Fairly large, slightly domed skull.
Moderately pronounced stop. Slightly convex nosebridge. Long, broad,
thick, and powerful muzzle. Nose brown or flesh colored in
white-coated variety. Powerful jaws. Tight, well-pigmented lips. Ears: Set on high, medium in length, rounded at the tip,
pendulous but not twisted, flat against the sides of the head. Eyes: Medium in size, dark brown. Body: Slightly elongated. Muscular neck without dewlap.
Pronounced withers. Chest taller than it is broad. Well-curved ribs.
Short, broad, muscular loin. Broad, well-muscled, sufficiently long,
slightly sloping croup. Firm, well-muscled back. Tail: Set on high, thick at the base, tapering gradually.
Docked by about half for hunting. At rest, hanging down. In action,
carried level to the ground. Hair: Short (kurzhaar means "short hair"), dense, crisp, hard
to the touch. Coat: Chestnut without markings. Chestnut with white spots or
flecks on the chest and legs. Dark chestnut-roan with chestnut head
and chestnut blotches or spots (very good camouflage for hunting).
Light chestnut-roan with chestnut head and chestnut spots, with or
without chestnut blotches. White with chestnut markings on the head
and chestnut blotches or spots. Black with the same shades as for
chestnut or roan. Tan markings are allowed. A white flare or blaze
with spotted lips are allowed. Size: Dog: 62 to 66 cm. (24.4-26 in).Bitch: 58 to 63 cm. (23-25
in). Weight: 25 to 32 kg (55-70.5 lb).
History The precise origin of the German Shorthaired
Pointer is unclear. According to the American Kennel Club, it is
likely that the GSP is descended from a breed known as the German
Bird Dog, which itself is related to the old Spanish pointer
introduced to Germany in the 17th century. It is also likely that
various German hound and tracking dogs, as well as the English
Pointer and the Arkwright Pointer, also contributed to the
development of the breed. However, as the first studbook was not
created until 1870, it is impossible to identify all of the dogs
that went into creating this breed. Though strangely enough they
have appeared in paintings dating back to the late-mid 1700's.
Behavior The German Pointing Dog is a vigorous, strong,
fast distance galloper with great endurance who is not afraid of the
cold and can hunt on any terrain. He is a hunting dog par
excellence, a pointer above all. He specializes in feathered quarry
in the field or in the woods and can also be used to track wounded
game. Bursting with energy but even-tempered and obedient, he is
strong-willed and can be stubborn. He is attached to his owner and
loves children, making him a good companion. He is a good watchdog
but not aggressive. He needs firm training.
Health Most German shorthaired pointers are tough,
healthy dogs, but the breed can be subject to a number of hereditary
disorders due to their breeding. A few individuals may suffer from
hip dysplasia, genetic eye diseases, epilepsy, skin disorders and
cancerous lesions in the mouth, on the skin and other areas of the
body. As with other breeds, unspayed female GSPs are prone to breast
cancer. But they are less likely to get breast cancer if they are
Like many other deep-chested dogs, German shorthaired pointers are
highly prone to gastric torsion. Correct precautions, such as
refraining from feeding immediately before or after exercise,
feeding several smaller meals throughout the day instead of a
single, large one and avoiding the consumption of large amounts of
water with dry food, should always be taken.
As with any
other hunting dog, contact with game can cause the spread of fungi
and bacteria that can easily colonise in the gums or cause
infections on open wounds and small cuts from scratching against
plants and bushes during a regular hunting session.
Advice He can adapt to city life but needs space and
exercise, including long daily outings. He also needs regular
brushing and checking of the ears.