Breed Organization United Kennel Club Website:
http://www.ukcdogs.com Native Country France Other Names Epagneul Francais Life Expectancy Approximately 10-12 Years Litter Size No Information Available Breed Group AKC FSS
Breed Appearance A normal dog has a muscular appearance with a
deep chest and strong legs. The French Spaniel has eyes of a dark
amber color, and a thick tail that tapers towards the tip. The hair
is medium, dense, with long feathers on the ears, backs of the legs
and tail. It has some waviness on the chest and otherwise lies flat
on the body. The normal color of a French Spaniel's coat is white
with brown markings rather in shade from a light cinnamon to dark
liver. Historically, the coat was only white with black markings,
but the breed was mixed with other colors of Spaniels during the
Breed Description Head: Of medium length and width.
Well-chiseled, but not excessively. Pronounced brow bones. Sloping
stop. Slightly domed nosebridge a bit shorter than the skull. Brown
nose. Upper lip does not cover lower lip. Ears: Well set-on, covered to rounded tips with wavy, silky
hair. Eyes: Fairly large, oval, dark amber. Body: Slightly elongated. Slightly arched neck without dewlap.
Cleanly cut, pronounced withers. Broad, spacious chest. Loin broad,
not too long. Tuck-up. Horizontal, level back. Broad, rounded croup Tail: Reaching to the hock, carried sloping or curved loosely
in an S. Covered with long, wavy hair. Hair: Long and wavy on the ears, backs of the legs, and tail.
Flat, silky, and dense on the body, with some waviness behind the
neck and on the upper chest. Close-lying and fine on the head. Coat: White and brown with moderate patching. Sometimes heavily
marked with irregular patches with slight to moderate spotting, or
moderately spotted and roan. Brown ranges from cinnamon to dark
liver. White flare on the head desirable. Size: Dog: 56 to 61 cm (22-24 in). Bitch: 55 to 59 cm (21.5-23
in). Weight: Approx. 25 kg (55lb).
History Like all the other spaniels who became the
first pointers, the French Spaniel is a distant descendant of the
longhaired Chien d'Oysel "setter" of the Middle Ages. By the
sixteenth century, the French Spaniel was widely used by game bird
hunters. After a decrease in population due to competition with
English breeds, the French Spaniel was revived in the nineteenth
century by Father Fournier. The first standard, written in 1891 by
J. de Connick, describes the breed as larger and more powerful than
the Brittany Spaniel. The French Spaniel is virtually unknown
abroad, and the breed's population in France is low, despite renewed
Behavior Hardy, courageous, persistent, and
enthusiastic, the French Spaniel is appreciated for his work on
rugged terrain. He is a flusher and excels at work in the water.
With an excellent nose but less speed and a more limited search
range than the Brittany Spaniel, he hunts at a gallop or extended
trot. He points very precisely and is one of the best retrievers.
Calm, even-tempered, intelligent, very attached to his owner, and
gentle with children, he is a great pet. He needs firm but gentle
Health The breed is robustly healthy with few issues
and adapts well to wet weather conditions. A dermatological
condition known as acral mutilation and analgesia may affect French
Spaniels. It is a newly recognised disorder, with symptoms becoming
apparent between three and a half months and a year of age.
Advice The French Spaniel is built for country life.
He does not like being left alone and needs to run every day. He
requires brushing twice weekly and regular attention to the ears.