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French Mastiff

French Mastiff


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Breed Organization
The Dogue de Bordeaux Society of America
Website: http://www.ddbsa.org
Native Country
France
Other Names
Dogue de Bordeaux, Dogue d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux Bulldog
Life Expectancy
Approximately 10-12 Years
Litter Size
Average 1-4 Puppies
Breed Group
Mastiff
Breed Appearance
The Dogue de Bordeaux is a well balanced, muscular and massive dog with a powerful build. It's size should come mostly from width and muscles, rather than height. The breed is set somewhat low to the ground and is not tall like the English Mastiff. The body of the Dogue de Bordeaux is thick-set, with a straight top-line and a gentle rounded croup. The front legs should be straight and heavy-boned, well up on pasterns, down to tight cat-like feet. The straight tail, beginning thickly at the base and then tapering to a point at the end, should not reach lower than the hocks, and is set and carried low. The breed is to be presented in a completely natural condition with intact ears, tail, and natural dewclaws. It should be evaluated equally for correctness in conformation, temperament, movement, and overall structural soundness.

Breed Description
Head: Extremely capacious, angular, broad, relatively short. Viewed from the side, it has the shape of a trapezoid. The skull (perimeter equaling dog's height) is slightly convex. Strong stop. Forehead, which is wider than high, dominates the face. Deep, symmetrical wrinkles. Powerful, thick, moderately short, slightly hollow muzzle. Broad nose. Extremely powerful jaws. Undershot jaw (lower jaw protruding 0.5 to 2 cm, 0.1 to 1 in). Thick flews.
Ears: Small, slightly darker than the rest of the coat. Drop close to head along the cheeks.
Eyes: Oval, moderately wide set. Hazel to dark brown color in dogs with a black mask, lighter color permissible in dogs with a red mask.
Body: Powerful. Very strong, almost cylindrical neck with dewlap. Powerful, deep, broad chest. Ribs well sprung. Broad, muscular back. Belly tucked up. Slightly sloping croup.
Tail: Very thick, carried low with the tip reaching no further than the hocks.
Hair: Fine, short, smooth, and soft.
Coat: Fawn or dark auburn with a red or black mask. Good pigmentation preferred. Small white markings on the forechest and feet are permissible.
Size: Dog: 60 to 68 cm. (23.5-27 in).Bitch: 58 to 66 cm. (23-26 in).
Weight: Dog: at least 50 kg. (110 lb).Bitch: at least 45 kg. (99 lb).


History
The Dogue de Bordeaux, one of the oldest breeds in France, is the only mastiff of French origin. This dog may be descended from the Roman Molossus, the Spanish Mastiff, and others. During the Middle Ages, the breed was used for hunting and dog fighting. In the eighteenth century, Buffon described it as the Dogue d'Aquitaine. This breed was long known as the "butcher dog" because butchers often selected this breed to protect their homes. He has also been known as the "Turk dog" in reference to his Asian ancestors. An official standard was recognized in 1926 after the breed had been crossed several times with mastiffs.

Behavior
This former fighting dog is an excellent guard dog that vigilantly protects the home with courage, though not aggression. The French Mastiff does not like to socialize with other dogs. This gentle, calm, sensitive dog forms a strong bond with his owner and is very affectionate with children. He rarely barks. This breed detests solitude and lack of activity. This dog must be exceptionally well-trained in order to keep him under control.

Health
Most are healthy, but the breed can be prone to hip dysplasia. There are also cases of epilepsy, heart problems and hyperkeratosis. Females often have to have cesareans.

Advice
The French Mastiff is not suitable as a house dog. He needs space and exercise. No special care of the coat is required.

Function
Guard and Defense Dog, Pet.


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