Canine Breed Menu

French Bulldog

French Bulldog

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Breed Organization
French Bulldog Club of America
Native Country
Other Names
Bouledogue Francais, Frenchie
Life Expectancy
Approximately 10-12 Years
Litter Size
2-5 Puppies
Breed Group
AKC Non-Sporting
Breed Appearance
The French Bulldog is a sturdy, compact, stocky little dog, with a large square head that has a rounded forehead.

Breed Description
Head: Very strong, wide, angular with folds and wrinkles. Wide, nearly flat skull. Well-domed foreface. Very pronounced stop. Short, blunt foreface. Nosebridge with concentric folds. Wide, turned-up nose. Thick, black lips. Wide, angular, powerful jaws. Moderate underbite.
Ears: Straight, medium-sized, broad at the base and rounded at the tip (bat ears).
Eyes: Round, fairly large, slightly protruding, dark. Edge of eyelids is black.
Body: Compact, very muscular. Topline rising gradually to the loin. Short neck without dewlap. Slightly open, cylindrical brisket. Barrel-shaped ribs. Short loin. Tuck-up. Slanting croup. Broad back.
Tail: Naturally short, thick at the base, screw or straight, tapering toward the tip.
Hair: Close-lying, dense, glossy, and soft.
Coat: Brindle: fawn with vertical black stripes or streaks. A combination of black and chestnut hairs. A minimal amount of white on the chest and head is allowed. - White and brindle, or skewbald: brindle with predominant patching. White ground with brindle markings. A solid white coat is categorized as skewbald.
Size: 25 to 35 cm. (10-14 in).
Weight: 8 to 14 kg. (17.5-31 lb).

The French Bulldog is thought to be descended from the Tibetan or Asian Mastiff. After giving rise to the Macedonian Mastiff, the Asian Mastiff was probably imported to England by the Phoenicians. Crosses with various terriers gradually reduced the breed's size. When the breed appeared in France around 1850, it already had certain similarities to today's French Bulldog. Subsequent crosses with the Pug and other breeds contributed to today's model. Prized ratters, French Bulldogs were kept by the butchers of La Villette in Paris and served as bodyguards to Pantin's bums (Paris's suburbs) . The standard for the breed was set around 1898. After a period of decline, the French Bulldog is now regaining popularity.

Active, bold, strong-willed, and tough, the French Bulldog is a good watchdog. Very affectionate, intelligent, and good-natured, he makes a delightful pet who needs lots of love and attention. He is gentle with children but fairly aggressive with other dogs. He requires firm and early but gentle, persuasive training.

French Bulldogs are prone to joint diseases, spinal disorders, heart defects and eye problems. Dams often have to deliver pups by cesarean section, because pups have relatively large heads. They often have respiratory problems. They tend to wheeze and snore and have trouble in hot weather. Prone to heatstroke. An overweight Frenchie may have trouble breathing, because of a swollen abdomen. Do not overfeed this breed. Putting them under anesthesia is risky because of their breathing issues. French Bulldogs are high maintenance and potential owners need to be aware that their vet bills may be high.

The ideal city dog, he adapts well to apartment life. During walks, he must be taught not to pull on the leash, or he may develop a poor gait. He hates being separated from his owner. He needs daily brushing during the shedding season, as well as a bath every two months. His eyes and the folds on his face need regular attention.

Companion Dog, Watchdog.

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