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Flanders Cattle Dog

Flanders Cattle Dog


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Breed Organization
American Bouvier des Flandres Club
Website: http://www.bouvier.org
Native Country
Belgium
Other Names
Bouvier des Flandres, Vlaamse Koehond, Belgian Cattle Dog
Life Expectancy
Approximately 10-12 Years
Litter Size
Average 5-10 Puppies
Breed Group
AKC Herding
Breed Appearance
The Bouvier is a large, powerful, rugged-looking dog. The head is in proportion to the body, giving the dog a square profile.

Breed Description
Head and Skull: The head should appear big, the moustache and beard making it appear even more so, in proportion to the body and height. When handled it should be found to be well chiselled. Well developed and flat, the skull should be slightly broader than it is long. The lines of the under side of the skull and the top should be parallel. The proportion of the length of the skull in relation to the muzzle should be as 3 is to 2. A very slight furrow in the forehead. The stop not very deep, but appearing so, due to the heavy eyebrows. The muzzle broad, strong and bony, rectangular when seen from the front, gradually narrowing towards the nose, but never becoming pointed. The circumference, measured just in front of the eyes, should be approximately equal to the length of the head. Extending the foreface in a slightly convex line towards its tip, the nose should be very well developed, rounded at its edges and always black. Nostrils wide. Cheeks flat and clean. Scissor bite i.e., the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
Eyes: Honest, alert in expression. Neither protruding nor set too deeply. Slightly oval in shape and horizontally placed. As dark as possible in colour in relation to the coat. Light or wild looking eyes to be strongly penalised. Eyelids black, with no sign of loss of pigment. Conjunctiva should never be visible.
Neck: Strong, well muscled and thickening slightly towards the shoulders. A little longer than the length of the head, nape strong and arched. No sign of dewlap.
Forequarters: Forelegs very strong and absolutely straight. Shoulders relatively long, muscular without heaviness and placed obliquely. Shoulder blade and upper arm of equal length. Elbows set well into body and parallel, never turning in or out. Forearms, seen either from the front or the side, absolutely straight, parallel to each other and perpendicular to the ground. Well muscled and heavy boned. Pasterns strong, fairly short, sloping very slightly.
Body: Strong, deep, broad and compact with very little tuck-up. Length from point of shoulder to point of buttock about equal to height at withers. Chest should descend to level of elbows and should not be cylindrical, although the ribs should be well sprung. Croup should continue, as far as possible, the horizontal line of the back and blend imperceptibly with the curve of the rump. Broad but not excessively so in the dog, broader in the bitch. A rising croup, or one which falls away, is a very serious fault.
Hindquarters: Hindlegs very strong with pronounced muscle. They should move in the same plane as the forelegs. Thighs broad and well muscled. Hocks well let down. Dew claws should be removed.
Feet: Short, round and compact. Toes tight and well arched. Nails black and strong. Pads thick and hard.
Gait: Proud, upright bearing. Ambling is permitted.
Tail: Docked to 2 - 3 vertebrae. It should continue the normal line of the vertebral column and be carried gaily when moving. Dogs born tailless should not be faulted for this.
Coat: Hair coarse to touch, dry and matt. Neither too long nor too short, about 6 cm (2.5 in), unkempt looking but never woolly or curly. On the head it should be shorter and the outside of the ears almost bare, with the inside of the ear protected by fairly long hair. The coat should be particularly thick and "crackly" on the top of the back, gradually becoming shorter as it comes down the legs. It should be always harsh. A flat coat is to be avoided since it denotes lack of undercoat, which should be normally fine and close grained. The upper lip well moustached, the lower carrying a full harsh beard, which gives the forbidding expression so characteristic of the breed. Eyebrows formed of backward sweeping hairs which accentuate the shape of the eyebrows but which never hide the eyes.
Color: Usually fawn or grey, often brindled or shaded. Black is also permissible and no colour shall have preference. Light, washed out shades are undesirable.
Weight and Size: Ideal weight: Dogs 35 - 40 kg (77 - 88 lb). Bitches 27 - 35 kg (59.5 - 77 lb). Ideal height: Dogs 62 - 68 cm (24.5 - 27 in) Bitches 59 - 65 cm (23 - 25.5 in). In either sex the ideal is midway between the measurements.
Ears: Set on high, very flexible; in proportion to the head.
Mouth: Jaws strong and of equal length. Teeth strong and white with a perfect regular and complete set.


History
The Bouvier Des Flandres is also known as the Flanders Cattle Dog or the Vlaamse Koehund, (and sometimes Dirty Beard!). This dog takes its name from its place of origin, the plains of Flanders in Belgium; and the French word "bouvier" means herdsman. However, not much more information exists about its ancestral origins. Some claim it descended from the Schnauzer, while others suggest the breed is a mix of several European herding breeds, the Flemish Cattle Dogs in particular. Although its history is vague, its value as a working dog has never been questioned, whether it be herding, guarding the farm, or cart pulling. Before the Machine Age, the Bouvier was used to drive cattle to market, and later, the strong and capable dog proved its merit on the battlefields of WWI and WWII. The breed is still used for police and protection work. A breed standard was not agreed upon until 1922, and since then the breed has found favour all over the world.

Behavior
Intelligent and obedient Bouvier Des Flandres looks mean but in reality is calm and gentle. They are excellent at learning and once they learn a command the will remember it their entire lives. Bouvier Des Flandres are known for their loyalty. They require an experienced handler and are often protective of their families. Bouvier Des Flandres do not reach adulthood until they are 2-3 years old.

Health
Prone to hip dysplasia, eye problems such as cataracts. The Bouvier has a very high pain threshold. They can take a lot of contact with the cattle's legs without feeling it. This does not make them a veterinarian's favorite patient, as they cannot tell where the dog is hurting by manipulating the legs and/or other body parts.

Advice
This breed needs peaceful surroundings and exercise to blossom, and requires regular brushing.

Function
Currently the Bouvier serves as a watchdog, guardian, family companion and as a tracking dog. This breed has also been used as a guide for the blind and in search & rescue. It will also succeed in police work, military work, carting, agility, competitive obedience.


Dogs
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