Breed Organization English Springer Spaniel Field Trial Association Website:
http://www.essfta.org Native Country Great Britain Other Names Norfolk Spaniel, Springer Life Expectancy Approximately 12-14 Years Litter Size Average 5-7 Puppies Breed Group AKC Sporting
Breed Appearance The English Springer Spaniel is similar to the
English Cocker Spaniel and at first glance the only major difference
is the latter's smaller size. However English Springers also tend to
have shorter, and higher-set ears than English Cockers. In addition
Springers also tend to have a longer muzzle, their eyes are not as
prominent and the coat is less abundant. The major differences
between the Welsh Springer and the English Springer is that the
Welsh have more limited colors and tend to be slightly smaller.
Breed Description Head: Long. Skull fairly broad, slightly
domed. Pronounced stop. Broad, high muzzle. Strong jaws. Flat
cheeks. Flews well let-down. Ears: Set on at eye level, fairly long, hanging close to the
head. Nice feathering. Eyes: Almond-shaped, dark. Body: Rectangular build. Neck b and muscular, without dewlap.
Well let-down, well-developed chest. Well-sprung ribs. Muscular, b
loin. Tail: Set on low, never carried higher than the topline.
Well-feathered. Usually docked. Hair: Dense, straight, weather-resistant, never harsh.
Feathering on the ears, body, and legs. Coat: Liver and white, black and white, or one of these
combinations with tan markings. Size: Approx. 51 cm (20 in). Weight: Approx. 22.5 kg (50 lb).
History The English Springer Spaniel is one of the
oldest hunting dog breeds. His ancestors are thought to be the
spaniel of the Middle Ages, as well as the Norfolk Spaniel. British
breeders made numerous crosses, particularly with the old Water
Spaniel. With a head similar to that of the French Spaniel, the
English Springer is the father of all spaniels except the Clumber
Spaniel. The breed was officially recognized in 1902 and became the
most popular hunting dog in the British Isles.
Behavior This hardy, tough, vigorous, energetic, swift
dog with a keen nose fears neither thickets nor wet ground. He is
stronger and more driven than the English Cocker Spaniel. He tracks
actively and persistently, snapping vigorously at game. He lunges
into thickets, causing game to spring out in a panic (as the name
suggests, a "springer" is a dog who lunges and flushes game). The
English Springer Spaniel excels on rabbit, pheasant, woodcock, and
waterfowl. He is also a remarkable retriever, especially in the
water. A bit rambunctious and strong-tempered, he needs firm
training. He can be a good pet.
Health Usually sound and healthy. May have eye
abnormalities, PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy) or ear infections.
Other health concerns include enzyme deficiency, PFK
(Phosphofructokinase deficiency), hip dysplasia, allergies and
possible temperament problems.
Advice He is not at all suited to apartment life. He
needs space and lots of exercise, as well as brushing twice weekly
and regular checking of the ears.