Canine Breed Menu

English Pointer

English Pointer


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Breed Organization
American Pointer Club
Website: http://www.americanpointerclub.org
Native Country
Great Britain
Other Names
Pointer
Life Expectancy
Approximately 14-17 Years
Litter Size
Average 5-6 Puppies
Breed Group
AKC Sporting
Breed Appearance
The Pointer is bred primarily for sport and is a true wide-range hunter. They give the impression of compact power and agile grace. They are large, muscular and square-shaped. The muzzle is long and they have drop triangular ears. They retain an easy-to-care-for coat that is glossy, short and smooth. The Pointer's energy and devotion makes them superior as gundogs. They are a good show dog, friendly and obedient. The English Pointer is giving and kind, but rather serious in personality. They are good with children and other dogs, but does much better in a country setting than in the city. English Pointers do no take to water easily, and are quite susceptible to cold conditions. He does, however, do better than most breeds in the heat. He has great endurance and strength, able and eager to hunt for anything.

Breed Description
Head: Slender. Skull medium in length, flat. Pronounced stop. Pronounced occipital peak. Angular, slightly concave muzzle. Strong jaws. Thin lips. Wide nose.
Ears: Set on fairly high. Medium in length, thin, lying flat against the head, slightly pointed at the tips.
Eyes: Round, hazel or brown, depending on coat color.
Body: Square build. Long, muscular, slightly arched, without dewlap. Shoulder blades close together. Chest broad, well let-down. Well-sprung ribs. Solid, short, muscular, slightly clean-flanked loin. Straight back. Long croup.
Tail: Medium in length, thick at the base and tapering toward the tip. Carried level with the topline without curving upward. In action, wagged from side to side.
Hair: Fine, short, hard, smooth, straight, and very glossy.
Coat: Usual colors are lemon and white, orange and white, liver (brown) and white, and black and white. Whole-color and tricolor coats also allowed.
Size: Dog: 63 to 69 cm (24.8-27 in). Bitch: 61 to 66 cm (24-26 in).
Weight: 20 to 30 kg (44-66 lb).


History
Some say the old English Pointer originated in Portugal, the home of a quick, tireless pointer who hunted with his nose held high. It is uncertain exactly when this dog arrived in England. Yet in the eighteenth century, British breeders crossed a shorthaired pointer from Portugal with various other breeds to arrive at today's English Pointer. They probably used foxhounds, the Bloodhound, the Greyhound, etc. In the nineteenth century, the new breed apparently received a great deal of French and Italian pointer blood. The English Pointer breed club was founded in 1891. English Pointers are widespread in France, where the breed competes with the German Pointing Dog as the most popular shorthaired or wirehaired pointer.

Behavior
This hardy, active, quick, and agile athlete with great endurance has two main attributes: his speed and his extraordinary, peerless nose. He excels in flat, open fields. His hunt is energetic, avid, steady, and extensive. His pointing (a "pointer" is a shorthaired dog that indicates the presence of game by standing still) is spectacular, confident, and steady. He appears almost sculpted, standing frozen with his body rigid, muscles tensed, head raised, and tail stiff and level with the topline. He is the most highly skilled pointer but not as good a retriever. He excels on woodcock, quail, pheasant, and partridge and will also tackle ground game. Easygoing and good-natured, the English Pointer is a very affectionate pet. He can be a watchdog. He needs firm but patient, gentle training.

Health
This breed can be prone to hip dysplasia, thyroid problems and dwarfism. Also skin conditions.

Advice
He is not suited to city life. He needs wide open spaces and lots of exercise. He is sensitive to cold and dampness. He requires weekly brushing and regular attention to the ears.

Function
Hunting Dog, Companion Dog.


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