Breed Organization The Dogue de Bordeaux Society of America Website:
http://www.ddbsa.org Native Country France Other Names Dogue d'Aquitaine, French Mastiff, Bordeaux Bulldog Life Expectancy Approximately 10-12 Years Litter Size Average 1-4 Puppies Breed Group Mastiff
Breed Appearance The Dogue de Bordeaux is a well balanced,
muscular and massive dog with a powerful build. It's size should
come mostly from width and muscles, rather than height. The breed is
set somewhat low to the ground and is not tall like the English
Mastiff. The body of the Dogue de Bordeaux is thick-set, with a
straight top-line and a gentle rounded croup. The front legs should
be straight and heavy-boned, well up on pasterns, down to tight
cat-like feet. The straight tail, beginning thickly at the base and
then tapering to a point at the end, should not reach lower than the
hocks, and is set and carried low. The breed is to be presented in a
completely natural condition with intact ears, tail, and natural
dewclaws. It should be evaluated equally for correctness in
conformation, temperament, movement, and overall structural
Breed Description Head: Extremely capacious, angular,
broad, relatively short. Viewed from the side, it has the shape of a
trapezoid. The skull (perimeter equaling dog's height) is slightly
convex. Strong stop. Forehead, which is wider than high, dominates
the face. Deep, symmetrical wrinkles. Powerful, thick, moderately
short, slightly hollow muzzle. Broad nose. Extremely powerful jaws.
Undershot jaw (lower jaw protruding 0.5 to 2 cm, 0.1 to 1 in). Thick
flews. Ears: Small, slightly darker than the rest of the coat. Drop
close to head along the cheeks. Eyes: Oval, moderately wide set. Hazel to dark brown color in
dogs with a black mask, lighter color permissible in dogs with a red
mask. Body: Powerful. Very strong, almost cylindrical neck with
dewlap. Powerful, deep, broad chest. Ribs well sprung. Broad,
muscular back. Belly tucked up. Slightly sloping croup. Tail: Very thick, carried low with the tip reaching no further
than the hocks. Hair: Fine, short, smooth, and soft. Coat: Fawn or dark auburn with a red or black mask. Good
pigmentation preferred. Small white markings on the forechest and
feet are permissible. Size: Dog: 60 to 68 cm. (23.5-27 in).Bitch: 58 to 66 cm. (23-26
in). Weight: Dog: at least 50 kg. (110 lb).Bitch: at least 45 kg.
History The Dogue de Bordeaux, one of the oldest breeds
in France, is the only mastiff of French origin. This dog may be
descended from the Roman Molossus, the Spanish Mastiff, and others.
During the Middle Ages, the breed was used for hunting and dog
fighting. In the eighteenth century, Buffon described it as the
Dogue d'Aquitaine. This breed was long known as the "butcher dog"
because butchers often selected this breed to protect their homes.
He has also been known as the "Turk dog" in reference to his Asian
ancestors. An official standard was recognized in 1926 after the
breed had been crossed several times with mastiffs.
Behavior This former fighting dog is an excellent guard
dog that vigilantly protects the home with courage, though not
aggression. The French Mastiff does not like to socialize with other
dogs. This gentle, calm, sensitive dog forms a strong bond with his
owner and is very affectionate with children. He rarely barks. This
breed detests solitude and lack of activity. This dog must be
exceptionally well-trained in order to keep him under control.
Health Most are healthy, but the breed can be prone to
hip dysplasia. There are also cases of epilepsy, heart problems and
hyperkeratosis. Females often have to have cesareans.
Advice The French Mastiff is not suitable as a house
dog. He needs space and exercise. No special care of the coat is