Canine Breed Menu

Doberman Pinscher

Doberman Pinscher

Doberman Pinscher
Breed Organization
Doberman Pinscher Club of America
Native Country
Other Names
Standard Pinscher, Dobe, Pinscher, Thuringer Pinscher, Pliezeilich Soldatenhund
Life Expectancy
Approximately 10-12 Years
Litter Size
Average 3-8 Puppies
Breed Group
AKC Working
Breed Appearance
The Doberman Pinscher (alternatively spelled Dobermann in many countries) or Doberman is a breed of domestic dog. Doberman Pinschers are among the most common of pet breeds, and the breed is well known as an intelligent, alert, and loyal companion dog. Although once commonly used as guard dogs, watch dogs, or police dogs, this is less common today. In many countries, Doberman Pinschers are one of the most recognizable breeds, in part because of their actual roles in society, and in part because of media stereotyping. Careful breeding has improved the disposition of this breed, and the modern Doberman Pinscher is an energetic and lively breed ideally suited for companionship and family life.

The Doberman Pinscher is a dog of medium size. Although the breed standards vary among kennel and breed clubs, the shoulder height of a Doberman Pinscher bitch is typically somewhere between 24 to 26 inches, 25.5 being ideal(61 to 68 cm), and the male typically stands between 26 to 28 inches 27.5 being ideal(66 to 72 cm). The male generally weighs between 75 and 90 pounds and the bitch between 60 and 75 pounds. There is often a slight difference in type between bitches and dogs, with males being decidedly masculine (but not coarse) and females being noticeable feminine (but not spindly).

Doberman Pinschers typically have a deep, broad chest, and a powerful, compact, and square muscular body of medium size. However, in recent years some breeders have primarily bred, shown, and sold a slimmer or more sleek-looking Doberman Pinscher. This has become a popular body type among many owners, especially those who show their Doberman Pinschers competitively. The traditional body type is still more desirable to many casual owners and to those who want the dog for protection.

Dogs bred to the ideal standard are bred to possess a body to meet the , "Breed type," which is to say they are bred to withstand the physical rigors for which the breed was originally intended. The working abilities of endurance, jumping, climbing, pouncing, etc. Furthermore, despite the "ideal" standards, it is impossible to have complete control over the size and weight of dogs. Generally speaking, show animals must fall within the ideal range of both size and weight (for that country's breed standard), but it is not unusual to find male Dobes weighing over 100 pounds or females that are also larger than called for by the breed standards. Those who are looking for a Doberman Pinscher to provide personal protection or for use in police agencies or the military generally seek out the larger examples and some breeders create specific breeding pairs in the hope of getting a litter of larger dogs.

Breed Description
Head: Long and dry. Strong, blunt wedge-shape. Stop not pronounced. Muzzle line almost at level with topline of skull. Powerful, broad jaws. Lips smooth, lying close to the jaws.
Ears: Set on high. Cropped, erect, length in proportion to length of the head. If not cropped, semi-drop with the front edge lying alongside the cheek.
Eyes: Medium size. Oval. Dark color.
Body: Square body outline. Dry, well muscled neck. Powerful forechest. Clearly defined hocks. Well developed chest with slightly sprung ribs. Belly well tucked up. Rounded croup. Solid, short back.
Tail: Set high, short, docked after the second caudal vertebra.
Hair: Short, hard, thick, smooth, and close-lying. No undercoat.
Coat: Black or brown with clearly defined tan markings on the muzzle, cheeks, throat, forechest, legs, and feet.
Size: Dog: 68 to 72 cm. (27-28 in).Bitch: 63 to 68 cm (25-27 in).
Weight: Dog: 40 to 45 kg. (88-99 lb).Bitch: 32 to 35 kg. (70.5-77 lb).

This breed's history begins in Apolda, a small German village in the province of Thueringen. F. L. Doberman developed this fearless guard dog to protect him as he made his rounds collecting taxes. Around 1870, he crossed a number of aggressive breeds (many ancestors of the Rottweiler), including local black and tan sheepdogs, the German Pinscher, the German Shepherd, the Beauceron, and the Rottweiller. The result was a vigilant working dog, farm dog, guard dog, and police dog. For hunting, the Doberman was used to fight off predators. Later, new blood was added, notably the black and tan Terrier and probably the Greyhound. In 1910, the standard for the Doberman was established. During World War I, the Doberman served as a patrol, as a sentry at military bases, and as a guide dog for soldiers blinded during the fighting.

Although they are considered to be working dogs, Doberman Pinschers are often stereotyped as being ferocious and aggressive. As a personal protection dog, the Doberman was originally bred for these traits: it had to be large and intimidating, fearless, and willing to defend its owner, but sufficiently obedient and restrained to only do so on command. These traits served the dog well in its role as a personal defense dog, police dog, or war dog, but were not ideally adapted to a companionship role. The Doberman Pinscher's aggression has been toned down by modern breeders over the years, and today's Dobermans are known for a much more even and good natured temperament, extreme loyalty, high intelligence, and great trainability. In fact, the Doberman Pinscher's size, short coat, and intelligence have made it a desirable house dog.

They can easily learn to 'Respect and Protect' their owners, and are therefore considered to be excellent guard dogs that protect their loved ones. They are generally sociable toward humans and can be with other dogs. However, Dobermans rank among the more-likely breeds to show aggressive behaviour toward strangers and other dogs, but not among the most likely to do so. They are very unlikely to show aggressive behaviour toward their owners.

There is evidence that Doberman Pinschers in North America have a calmer and more even temperament than their European counterparts because of the breeding strategies employed by American breeders. Because of these differences in breeding strategies, different lines of Doberman Pinschers have developed different traits. Although many contemporary Doberman Pinschers in North America are gentle and friendly to strangers, some lines are bred more true to the original personality standard.

Wobblers Syndrome (disease of the spinal column of the neck). Lethal heart disorder. Von Willebrand's disease is no longer a large problem.

This dog needs space and exercise to burn off his energy. He will not tolerate being tied up. Regular brushing is required. Usually gentle, but will upset with unruliness, best suited for older children. Generally good with children.

Guard Dog, Defense Dog, Pet.

Horse Herd