Breed Organization American Boxer Club Website: http://www.americanboxerclub.org Native Country Germany Other Names German Boxer, Boxer Life Expectancy Approximately 11-14 Years Litter Size Average 2-10 Puppies Breed Group AKC Working
Breed Appearance The Boxer is a breed of stocky, medium-sized,
short-haired dog with a smooth fawn or brindled coat and
square-jawed muzzle. Boxers are known for their powerful bite and
strong jaws. They are part of the Molosser family of dogs, bred from
the extinct German Bullenbeisser and the English Bulldog.
Breed Description Head: Harmonious proportions. Clean and
square. Domed skull. Distinct stop. Muzzle as broad and powerful as
possible. Lower jaw protrudes beyond the upper jaw and curves
slightly upward (prognathism). Ears: Set on high. Not too broad. Cropped to a point, held
erect. Eyes: Not too small, not protruding. Dark brown color. Dark
rims. Body: Square. Round, powerful neck. Broad, deep forechest. Deep
brisket. Well sprung ribs. Short, muscular loin. Straight, muscular
back. Tail: Set high. Docked and carried erect. Hair: Short and lying close to the body, hard, thick, and
shiny. Coat: Fawn or brindle. Shades of fawn from light tan to
mahogany, preferably golden-red. Black mask. Brindle coat has dark
or black streaking on a fawn background. White markings are
permissible. Size: Dog: 57 to 64 cm. (22.5-25 in).Bitch: 53 to 60 cm.
(21-23.5 ). Weight: 25 to 30 kg (55-66 lb).
History The Boxer is part of the Molosser dog group,
developed in Germany in the late 19th century from the now extinct
Bullenbeisser, a dog of Mastiff descent, and Bulldogs brought in
from Great Britain. The Bullenbeisser had been working as a hunting
dog for centuries, employed in the pursuit of bear, wild boar, and
deer. Its task was to seize the prey and hold it until the hunters
arrived. In later years, faster dogs were favored and a smaller
Bullenbeisser was bred in Brabant, in northern Belgium. It is
generally accepted that the Brabanter Bullenbeisser was a direct
ancestor of today's Boxer. In 1894, three Germans by the names of
Friedrich Robert, Elard Konig, and R. Hopner decided to stabilize
the breed and put it on exhibition at a dog show. This was done in
Munich in 1895, and the next year they founded the first Boxer Club,
the Deutscher Boxer Club. The Club went on to publish the first
Boxer breed standard in 1902, a detailed document that has not been
changed much to this day.
The breed was introduced to
other parts of Europe in the late 19th century and to the United
States around the turn of the 20th century. The American Kennel Club
(AKC) registered the first Boxer in 1904, and recognized the first
Boxer champion, Dampf vom Dom, in 1915. During World War I, the
Boxer was co-opted for military work, acting as a valuable messenger
dog, pack-carrier, attack dog, and guard dog. It was not until after
World War II that the Boxer became popular around the world. Taken
home by returning soldiers, they introduced the dog to a wider
audience and soon became a favorite as a companion, a show dog, and
a guard dog.
Behavior This is an energetic, impetuous, dominant,
self-assured breed. The Boxer must be calm, well-balanced, and
sociable. He forms a strong bond with his family and remains loyal
at all cost. Alert and wary toward strangers, he demonstrates
fearless courage in his role as protector and guard. Training should
start at a very young age.
Health Some major concerns are cardiomyopathy and
other heart problems, sub-aortic stenosis and thyroid. Can be prone
to skin and other allergies. Sometimes prone to epilepsy. From age
eight on they are more likely to get tumors than other breeds. Prone
to cancer. Boxers are highly prone to mast cell tumors. Prone to
arthritis, hip dysplasia, back and knee issues. These dogs may drool
and snore. May have excessive flatulence, especially when fed
something other than their own dog food. Some white Boxers are prone
Advice The Boxer can make a good house dog, but he
must be given a considerable amount of exercise. His short coat
requires little care.
Function Guard and defense dog, utility dog: police dog,
guide dog, pet.