Canine Breed Menu



Breed Organization
Dalmatian Club of America
Native Country
Central Mediterranean Basin
Other Names
Dalmatian, Dalmatiner, Dal, English Coach Dog, Carriage Dog, Plum Pudding Dog, Fire House Dog, Spotted Dick, Spotted Coach Dog
Life Expectancy
Approximately 10-12 Years
Litter Size
8-10 Puppies
Breed Group
AKC Non-Sporting
Breed Appearance
The Dalmatian is a very popular breed mainly because of their unique coat. Their fur coat is short, dense, hard coat that is spotted of black, brown, lemon, dark blue, tricolor, brindled, solid white, or sable on a pure white coat.

Breed Description
Head: Long. Flat skull. Well-pronounced stop. Muzzle long and powerful, not tapering. Powerful jaws. Tight-lipped.
Ears: Set on high, medium-sized, carried against the head. Rounded tips. Thin, smooth, covered with coin-sized spots.
Eyes: Medium-sized, well-spaced, round. Dark in the variety with medium-brown spots, ranging to amber in the variety with liver spots.
Body: Square build. Neck moderately long, well-arched, without dewlap. High, wide chest. Well-sprung ribs. Well-defined withers. Well-muscled, slightly clean-flanked loin. Powerful, straight back.
Tail: Thick at the base, tapering gradually to the tip. Carried curved loosely upward but never curled.
Hair: Short, hard, dense, smooth.
Coat: Pure white ground. Black variety has dark black coin-sized spots; brown variety has liver brown coin-sized spots. Spots should not blend together but instead be round, well-defined, well-distributed, and 2 to 3 cm in diameter. Spots on the head, tail, and extremities should be smaller.
Size: Dog: 56 to 61 cm. (22-24 in).Bitch: 54 to 59 cm. (21-23 in).
Weight: Dog: approx. 27 kg. (59.5 lb).Bitch: approx. 24 kg. (53 lb).

The Dalmatian is believed to have originated in the Mediterranean region. He was named after Dalmatia either because it was his birthplace or because he was used in this region during the Balkan war. The Dalmatian is thought to be descended from the now extinct Bengal Pointer crossed with the Bull Terrier and the English Pointer. In the seventeenth century, the Dalmatian was popular at the Vatican. In eighteenth-century England, he was kept by the aristocracy to escort horse-drawn carriages, thus earning the nickname (coach dog). In the United States, the Dalmatian was adopted by firefighters as their mascot. Walt Disney’s movie "101 Dalmatians" (1961) helped popularize the breed.

Dalmatians are alert, energetic, and athletic. They are friendly, even-tempered, but wary with strangers. They need a stable environment. They are very active, and a good watch dog. They are affectionate and energetic. They have an affinity for running and for horses and cars. A strong work drive, but can be stubborn. They can be independent, but are eager. They may be too excitable and annoyed by small children, they do best if raised with them. Dalmatians can be unpredictable with other dogs, aggressive with other males.

Dalmatians are relatively a healthy and easy to keep breed. Like other breeds, Dalmatians display a propensity towards certain health problems specific to their breed, such as deafness, allergies and urinary stones. Reputable breeders have their puppies BAER (Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response) tested to ensure the status of the hearing on their pups. Hip dysplasia is not a major issue in this breed. In their late teens, both males and females may suffer bone spurs and arthritic conditions. Autoimmune thyroiditis may be a relatively common condition for the breed.

He can live in an apartment as long as he gets enough exercise. He needs regular brushing. Puppies are born all white; spots appear gradually and are not fully developed until the dog is one year old.

Companion Dog, Seeing-eye Dog, Watchdog.

Horse Herd