Canine Breed Menu

Curly Coated Retriever

Curly Coated Retriever

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Breed Organization
Curly-Coated Retriever Club of America
Native Country
Great Britain
Other Names
Life Expectancy
Approximately 9-14 Years
Litter Size
Average 7-8 Puppies
Breed Group
AKC Sporting Group
Breed Appearance
The breed sports a coat of tight, crisp curls. The tight curled coat of the Curly repels water, burrs, and prevents damage that other sporting dogs with softer, thinner coats cannot escape. The only acceptable colors for the Curly Coated Retriever are solid black and solid liver. Occasional white hairs are permissible, but white patches are a serious fault. Eyes should be either black or brown in black dogs, and brown or amber in liver dogs. Yellow eyes are unusual. The nose should be fully pigmented, and the same color as the coat as the dog.

Breed Description
Head: Long. Skull flat and long. Strong jaws. Wide nostrils. Nose black or brown (liver). Lips not pendulous.
Ears: Set on low, small, lying flat against the head, covered with short curls of hair.
Eyes: Large. Black or dark brown.
Body: Rectangular build. Neck moderately long, without dewlap. Chest well let-down. Well-sprung ribs. Short loin.
Tail: Moderately short, carried straight, covered with curly hair, tapering toward the tip, never carried gaily or curled.
Hair: A mass of crisp, tight curls covering entire body.
Coat: Black or brown (liver).
Size: Dog: 68.5 cm. (27 in).Bitch: 63.5 cm. (25 in).
Weight: 30 to 25 kg (66-77 lb).

The Curly-Coated Retriever, the oldest of the English retrievers, is believed to be descended from a cross between the Newfoundland and the Irish Water Spaniel. The Poodle and the Labrador may also have contributed to the breed. He was shown for the first time in 1860. A breed club was founded in 1896, and the standard was established in 1913. In the mid-nineteenth century in England, he was more popular as a pet than as a hunting dog. Today, the breed is very limited in number except in a few countries, including New Zealand.

Tough, strong, active, and courageous, the Curly-coated retriever has great endurance and a very subtle nose. He is an excellent swimmer and a very good retriever. He hunts duck in swampland. He is calm, poised, and affectionate but very independent. He needs firm but patient and gentle training.

Cancer, hip and elbow dysplasia, and skin disorders such as Alopecia. Other health concerns include eye problems such as cataracts, entropion and ectropion, as well as bloat. Bloat is a health issue to most dogs, being the second largest killer of dogs other than cancer, but Curly Coated Retrievers can be particularly susceptible to it because of their deep chests.

He is not suited to city life because he needs lots of exercise. He does not like being confined or left alone. He must be brushed twice weekly.

Hunting Dog, Pet.

Horse Herd