Canine Breed Menu

Croatian Sheepdog

Croatian Sheepdog

No Additional Pictures
Breed Organization
United Kennel Club (UKC)
Native Country
Croat Republic
Other Names
Hrvatski Ovcar
Life Expectancy
Approximately 12-14 Years
Litter Size
No Information Available
Breed Group
Breed Appearance
The Croatian sheepdog is a weatherproof, adaptable breed. They are of low to medium height and the base color is always black, although there may be very small patches of white on its chest and/or toes. A characteristic is the short hairs on its somewhat fox-like head and legs. The remainder of the coat is longer and wavy or curly. Traditionally the tail is docked very short but, if undocked, it is carried curled over the dog's back.

Breed Description
Head: Fine, wedge-shaped (approx. 20 cm long), dry overall. Eyebrows not pronounced. Cheeks filled out. Stop not pronounced. Straight nose bridge.
Ears: Triangular, erect or semi-erect. Moderate length. Attached toward the sides of the head. Erect ears are preferred and must not be cropped.
Eyes: Chestnut to black color. Medium size. Almond shape. Dark rims.
Body: Slightly longer than tall. Short, muscular back, particularly in the short lumbar region. Chest not prominent. Ribs well sprung. Solid, well-filled out flanks. Croup slightly sloped.
Tail: Set on moderately high. Long, bushy hair. Carried below the line of the back at rest, above when alert.
Hair: Relatively soft. Wavy or curly. Never wooly. Short on the face. Long (7 to 14 cm) on the back. Feathering and culottes on the legs. Bushy undercoat.
Coat: Black background. Some white markings on the throat, forechest, and chest are permissible. White markings on the feet and toes are tolerated, but not desirable.
Size: Approx. 40 to 50 cm.
Weight: 15 to 20 kg.

This dog of eastern origin is almost unknown outside his home country, where he has guarded farms and herds for centuries. The breed is thought to be descended from northern Croatian sheepdogs. According to written documents, the appearance of this breed has not changed greatly from the 14th century to the present day. Probably because it possesses an excellent hereditary instinct for working sheep and cattle, selection on the basis of usability was being carried out spontaneously, which has resulted also in the balance of its look.

Lively, attentive, and of uncommon endurance, the Croatian Sheepdog is easy to train.

The Croatian sheepdog is a healthy breed.

This dog requires exercise and room to run.

Herder, Guard Dog, Pet.

Horse Herd