Canine Breed Menu

Corgi

Corgi


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Breed Organization
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Club of America
Website: http://www.pembrokecorgi.org
Native Country
Great Britain
Other Names
Pembroke Welsh Corgi, Welsh Corgi, Pembroke, PWC
Life Expectancy
Approximately 11-14 Years
Litter Size
Average 5-8 Puppies
Breed Group
AKC Herding
Breed Appearance
The Corgi is proportional to larger breeds but has shorter legs, yet has a sturdy appearance and an athletic body that helps it herd livestock such as poultry, sheep and cattle. Its body is long, and it has a naturally long, bobbed, or artificially docked tail and erect, big ears. The corgi's head should be foxy in shape and appearance. They differ from the closely related Cardigan Welsh Corgi by being shorter in length and having straighter legs. Pembroke Welsh Corgis are famed for being the preferred breed of Queen Elizabeth II, who has owned more than 30 during her reign. These dogs have been favored by British royalty for more than seventy years.

Breed Description
Head: Foxy in shape and appearance. Broad, flat skull. Stop not pronounced. Tapered muzzle.
Ears: Held erect. Moderately long, rounded at the tips.
Eyes: Medium size, round. Variations of brown in harmony with the coat color.
Body: The Cardigan is larger than the Pembroke, but his chest is not as broad. Belly slightly tucked up. Straight back.
Tail: Cardigan: relatively long, richly clad, carried low at rest. Pembroke: naturally short or docked at birth.
Hair: Cardigan: short or medium length, harsh and straight; short, thick undercoat. Pembroke: medium length, straight, thick, neither harsh nor soft; dense undercoat.
Coat: Cardigan: all colors acceptable, with or without white markings, but white must not be dominant color. Pembroke: self colors—red, sable, fawn, tan—with or without white markings on the legs, forechest, neck, and head.
Size: Cardigan: approx. 30 cm.Pembroke: 25 to 30 cm.
Weight: Cardigan: 12 to 15 kg.Pembroke: Dog: 10 to 12 kg; Bitch 10 to 11 kg.


History
The two Welsh Corgi varieties have similar origins. However, some writers hold that their history differs. The Cardigan is thought to have been introduced in Wales by the Celts, then crossed with Nordic breeds and British sheepdogs. The Pembroke, on the other hand, is said to have been introduced by Flemish weavers during the Middle Ages and may be related to some Nordic breeds. The two varieties were crossed in the 19th century, making them more similar in appearance. Since 1934, each variety has had its own standard. The Pembroke, the most common variety, owes his royal connections to King George VI who introduced the breed to the court when he gave a Pembroke to his daughter, Queen Elizabeth II.

Behavior
Besides herding, they also function as watchdogs due to their alertness and tendency to bark only as needed. Most Pembrokes will seek the attention of everyone they meet and behave well around children and other pets. It is important to socialise this breed with other animals, adults and children when they are very young to avoid any anti-social behavior or aggression later in life. Due to their herding instinct, they love to chase anything that moves, so it is best to keep them inside fenced areas. The herding instinct will also cause some younger Pembrokes to nip at their owner's ankles.[

Health
Health problems may include degenerative myelopathy, hip dysplasia, and Von Willebrand's disease if their parents suffered from the same problems.

Advice
This dog adapts readily to living indoors provided he receives regular exercise and room to run. The Cardigan requires daily brushing; the Pembroke requires weekly brushing.

Function
Herder, Utility Dog: assistant, drug search, rescue, guard dog, Pet.


Dogs
Horse Herd