Canine Breed Menu

Clumber Spaniel

Clumber Spaniel


No Additional Pictures
Breed Organization
Clumber Spaniel Club of America
Website: http://www.clumbers.org
Native Country
Great Britain
Other Names
Clumbers
Life Expectancy
Approximately 10-12 Years
Litter Size
Average 2-8 Puppies
Breed Group
AKC Sporting
Breed Appearance
The Clumber Spaniel is the largest of the spaniels, and is long and heavy-bodied. It is similar in shape to the smaller Sussex Spaniel. The Clumber has a heavy bone structure, has a massive 'melting' head with a mournful and sleepy expression, a square nose and muzzle, and large vine-leaf shaped ears. Freckles on the muzzle and front legs are common. Its coat is dense, weather-resistant, straight, and flat with feathering around the ears, belly and legs. Clumbers are predominantly white in color with lemon, brown, or orange markings around the eyes, and at the base of the tail.

Breed Description
Head: Angular, massive. Broad skull. Pronounced occipital peak. Heavy brow bones. Strongly pronounced stop. Heavy, angular muzzle. Strong jaws.
Ears: Large, shaped like grape leaves, hanging slightly forward. Feathering.
Eyes: Dark amber. Conjunctiva slightly visible.
Body: Massive, long, close to the ground. Thick, powerful neck. Chest well let-down. Well-sprung ribs. Flanks well let-down. Very powerful hindquarters. Muscular loin. Straight, long, broad back.
Tail: Set on low, carried level with the topline. Well-feathered.
Hair: Thick, dense, silky, and straight. Feathering on the legs and chest.
Coat: White with lemon markings, orange is allowed. Light markings on the head and flecks on the muzzle.
Size: Dog: approx. 48 cm. (19 in).Bitch: approx. 46 cm. (18 in).
Weight: Ideal: dog: 34 kg. (75 lb).Bitch: 29.5 kg. (65 lb).


History
The Clumber Spaniel, the largest of the spaniels, is thought to be of French origin. In the eighteenth century, the Duke of Noailles apparently gave a pair of these dogs to the Duke of Newcastle, who lived in the Clumber Park castle near Nottingham. Uncommon in England, the breed is quite rare in France.

Until the mid 19th century the breeding of the Clumber Spaniel was mostly restricted to the nobility. During World War I breeding was stopped entirely causing their numbers to decrease to a record low. In 1925, King George V re-developed a line of Clumbers in the Royal Kennel and were used in the fields in the Sandringham Estate.


Behavior
The Clumber Spaniel has an excellent nose, and his search is slow, silent, and limited in range but persistent. He is a good flusher of rabbit, woodcock, and pheasant. He is a good retriever, fearing neither brambles nor water. In England he is used in packs on pheasant hunts. He is less friendly than other spaniels but calm, playful, and kind, making him a good pet. He has no aggressive tendencies. He needs firm, patient training.

Health
Because Clumber Spaniels are large boned and fast growing, they can suffer from temporary lameness from between six to twelve months of age, with this lameness subsiding when bone growth is complete. Another common condition that the breed suffers from are impacted anal sacs and the dog may require them to be emptied by a veterinarian. The final common condition that the breed has is heat sensitivity, if Clumber Spaniels are left without shade, they can become uncomfortably hot and dehydrated.

In addition, Clumbers often have difficulties conceiving and giving birth, and may require caesarian sections. Some dogs may suffer from sensitivity to anaesthesia. The most common severe health conditions in the Clumber Spaniel are entropion/ectropion eye conditions, spinal disc herniation and hip dysplasia.


Advice
Preferably, he should live in the country. He needs space and exercise, as well as frequent brushing and regular attention to the ears.

Function
Hunting Dog, Companion Dog.


Dogs
Horse Herd