Breed Organization Black Russian Terrier Club of America Website: http://brtca.org Native Country Russia Other Names Black Russian Terrier, Black Terrier, Russian Bear Schnauzer, Tchiorny Terrier, Terrier Noir Russe, BRT Life Expectancy Approximately 10-14 Years Litter Size Average 6-12 Puppies Breed Group AKC Working
Breed Appearance The Black Russian Terrier (BRT) is a robust, large and powerful dog. The dog has large
bone and well developed muscles. The breed was developed in Russia and used as guard dogs for protection. They must
be balanced, have a good temperament and be reliable. The dogs have great courage and strength. They are capable of
endurance. Dogs must have a large frame and heavy bone. Bitches are definitely to appear feminine but never lacking
Breed Description Head: The head must be in proportion to the body. It should give the appearance of power and strength.
The head should be powerfully built with a moderately broad and blocky skull. Viewed from the side it should appear
balanced. The head is made of two parallel planes. The back skull to muzzle is measured from the corner of the eye.
Occiput should be well developed. The muzzle should be slightly shorter than the back skull. The length of the
muzzle to the back skull is approximately a ratio of 4 to 5. The forehead must be flat with a marked but not
pronounced stop. The head of the male is distinctly masculine, and that of the bitch, distinctly feminine. Eyes: The eyes should be of medium size and dark. Eye rims are to be black without sagging or prominent haw.
The eye is to be oval shaped. Ears: The ears are set high and are rather small and triangular in shape. The front edge of the ear should
lay close to the cheek. The length of the ear should reach the outside corner of the eye. Nose: The nose must be large and black. Lips: are full, tight and black. There are to be no flews. The gums have dark pigmentation. Teeth: The teeth are large and white. There should be full dentition. The incisors form a straight line at
the base. The bite should be scissors. Neck: The neck should be thick, muscular and powerful. Length is not to be excessive. There should be no
pendulous or excessive dewlap. The length of the neck and the length of the head should be approximately the same. Body: The whole structure of the body should give the impression of strength. The chest is deep and wide.
The shape should be oval and reach to the elbows or a little below. The withers are high, pronounced and well
developed. The topline is level and straight. The loin is short. The abdomen is well tucked up and firm. Withers
are higher than and sloping into the level back. Croup is wide, muscular, moderately long slightly sloping toward
the high tail set. Tail is set high, thick and docked with 3 to 5 vertebrae left. Forequarters: Shoulders should be large and muscular, well developed with blades broad and sloping. The
shoulders should be well laid back. The angle between the shoulder blades and the upper arm is at a 100 to 110
degree. Shoulders are well muscled. The forelegs are straight and well boned. The elbows must turn neither in nor
out while standing or moving. The forelegs are straight and muscular. Pasterns are short and almost vertical. Length
of the front leg to the elbow should be about 53 to 54 percent of the dog's height. Feet are large, compact, and
rounded in shape. The pads of the feet are thick and firm. Nails are short and dark. Hindquarters: Viewed from the rear the legs are straight and parallel, set slightly wider than the forelegs.
The hindquarters are well boned and muscular with good angulation. The stifle is long and sloping. The thighs are
muscular. The hocks are well let down, long and vertical when standing. Coat: Tousled, double coat. The texture of the outer coat is coarse. The undercoat is thick and soft. Length
of coat should vary from 1 to 4 inches and cover the entire body. It is a pronounced tousled coat rather than wiry
or curly. Size: Dogs at maturity are between 27 inches and 30 inches. Bitches at maturity are to be between 26 and 29
inches. Proportion: The Black Russian Terrier is slightly longer than tall. The most desired proportions are 9 to
10%. The length is measured from breastbone to rear edge of the pelvis.
History In the Forties, the army-controlled kennel "Red Star" began to breed a dog for its own needs. They
used a program developed by Soviet breeder-specialists and created a new breed especially suited for their special duties. The
goal was a massive, robust, high-spirited all-round dog, always willing to work and able to withstand the enormous, climatic
differences in the country. The breeders were the Giant Schnauzers, Rottweilers and Airedale breeds, and the Russian Water Dog.
More breeds were included; in all approximately twenty breeds were involved in the creation of the Black Russian Terrier. Only the
best dogs were bred. Soon they had a dog stable in character and temperament, but not in type. At that time, only character and
temperament counted. Several years later, Russian "DOSAAF" Breeders (DOSAAF is a paramilitary organization) bought dogs from the
Red Star kennel. They started to standardize the look of the breed without neglecting the good qualities. In May 1984 the breed
was recognized by the FCI with Standard #327 "Black Russian Terrier." The Black Russian Terrier is to the Red Army what the Malinois
is to the French Army. The Black Russian Terrier has all the ability of the German Shepherd Dog without the undue aggression. On
July 1, 2004, the Black Russian Terrier was admitted to full membership in the AKC Working Group.
Behavior The Black Russian Terrier is a calm, confident, and courageous dog with a self-assurance which sometimes is rather
aloof toward strangers. They are highly intelligent, extremely reliable. They love to romp, play and to be entertained. Most of them love
snow and water. They will roll in the snow and splash in the water.
Health Prone to hip and elbow dysplasia. X-raying the dogs is not common to the Russian breeders,
so it's up to the breeders outside Russia to overcome this problem by targeted selection. If the ears are not well
cared for they have a tendency to get otitis.
Advice Brush the BRT at least once a week. It is important to remove hairs from ear ducts and cut the hairs
under the paws. The BRT sheds very little if it is regularly brushed.