Breed Organization The Canaan Dog Club of America Website:
http://www.cdca.org Native Country Israel Other Names Kelef K'naani, Kaleb Kanaani, Kaleb Canaan, Canaanite Dog, Dog of Canaan Life Expectancy Approximately 10-13 Years Litter Size Average 4-6 Puppies Breed Group AKC Herding
Breed Appearance The Canaan dog is a typical primitive dog in
appearance. It is a medium-sized square built dog, with a
wedge-shaped head, medium-sized, erect and low set ears with a broad
base and rounded tips. Its outer coat is dense, harsh and straight
of short to medium-length. The undercoat should be close and profuse
according to season. Color ranges from black to cream and all shades
of brown and red between, usually with small white markings, or all
white with color patches. Spotting of all kinds is permitted, as
well as white or black masks.
Breed Description Head: Moderate length. Skull neither
domed nor flat. Stop not pronounced. Muzzle of moderate length and
width. Powerful jaws. Tight lips. Ears: Short, fairly wide, slightly rounded tips. Wide set low
on the head. Carried erect. Eyes: Almond shape. As dark as possible. Dark rims. Body: Square body outline. Straight neck. Pronounced withers.
Moderately broad chest. Ribs well sprung. Belly well tucked up.
Arched loin. Tail: Medium length. Bushy. Carried over the back. Hair: Short to moderately long. Straight, harsh texture. Dog
has a ruff. Undercoat varies with the seasons. Coat: Tawny to reddish brown, white or black, black, white and
brown, with or without mask. Size: 50 to 60 cm (19.7-23.6 in). Weight: 18 to 25 kg (39.7-55.2 lb).
History This very ancient breed originated in Canaan
(modern day Israel). It was the result of crosses of various
half-wild pariah dogs from regions of Northern Africa and the Near
East. Selective breeding of the Canaan Dog began in the 1930s. It
has been used as a messenger and rescue dog in the army. The Canaan
Dog was only recently recognized by the American Kennel Club. The
breed is also being developed in Europe.
Behavior This rustic, lively dog has great endurance. He
forms a strong bond with his owner and is very gentle with children.
The Canaan Dog is extremely vigilant and wary of strangers. He is a
good defense dog, though is not naturally aggressive toward humans.
This breed is aggressive with other dogs. Firm training is required.
Health This is a generally healthy breed.
Advice The Canaan Dog needs exercise and space to run.
Regular brushing is required.
Function Herder, Guard Dog, Utility dog: Army Dog, Guide