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Cairn Terrier

Cairn Terrier



Additional
Cairn Terrier
Pictures
Breed Organization
Cairn Terrier Club of America
Website: http://www.cairnterrier.org
Native Country
Scotland
Other Names
Short Haired Skye
Life Expectancy
Approximately 12-15 Years
Litter Size
Average 4-6 Puppies
Breed Group
AKC Terrier
Breed Appearance
Although the breed had existed since at least 1500, the name Cairn Terrier was a compromise suggestion after the breed was originally brought to official shows in the United Kingdom in 1909 under the name Short-haired Skye terriers. This name was not acceptable to The Kennel Club due to opposition from Skye Terrier breeders, and the name Cairn Terrier was suggested as an alternative. In Scotland they would search the cairns (man-made pile of stones) for rats and other rodents. Thus if one is kept as a household pet it will do the job of a cat, specifically catching and killing mice and rats.

The Cairn Terrier has a harsh weather-resistant outer coat that can be black, cream, wheaten, red, sandy, gray, or brindled in any of these colors. Pure black, black and tan, and white are not permitted by many kennel clubs. While registration of white Cairns was once permitted, after 1917 the American Kennel Club required them to be registered as West Highland White Terriers. A notable characteristic of Cairns is that brindled Cairns frequently change color throughout their lifetime. It is not uncommon for a brindled Cairn to become progressively more black or silver as it ages. The Cairn is double-coated, with a soft, dense undercoat and a harsh outer coat. A well-groomed Cairn has a rough-and-ready appearance, free of artifice or exaggeration. A trait that isn't in the majority of breeds is their purple tongue. Since not many people know of this trait, a purebred can be confused for a mixed breed. The cairn terrier was registered into the American kennel club in 1903.


Breed Description
Breed Description
Head: Small. Broad skull. Pronounced stop. Powerful muzzle. Strong jaws.
Ears: Small, pointed. Held erect.
Eyes: Medium size, wide set. Dark color. Bushy eyebrows.
Body: Long. Strongly coupled neck. Ribs well sprung. Solid hindquarters.Straight back. Strong, supple loin.
Tail: Short, richly clad, but without brush. Carried gaily but not curling up toward the back.
Hair: Long, coarse, abundant. Short, soft, thick undercoat.
Coat: Cream, wheaten, red, gray, or near black. All brindle colors acceptable. Pure black, white, or black and tan are not permitted. Darker extremities, such as the ears and muzzle, are typical.
Size: Dog : 28 to 31 cm (11-12 in).Bitch : 25 to 30 cm (10 to 12 in).
Weight: 6 to 7.5 kg (14-16,5 lb).


History
The Cairn Terrier, one of the oldest Scottish terriers, is mentioned in writings from the fifteenth century. The breed was named for its ability to move about in the cairns (piles of stones where the dog hunted rabbit and fox). The breed was developed in the western highlands and the Isle of Skye, west of Scotland. The Cairn Terrier is an ancestor of the Scottish Terrier and the West Highland White Terrier.

Behavior
This rustic, lively, spirited, game dog has a dominant personality - it is a cheerful, mischievous pet. The Cairn Terrier makes a good guard dog, coming alert at the least noise, barking to raise the alarm, but not becoming aggressive. This excellent swimmer hunts otter and vermin. Very firm training is required.

Health
Premature closure of distal radius, copper toxicosis, and hypothyroidism. Often he is allergic to fleas and he gains weight easily.

Advice
Though the Cairn Terrier is more at home in the country than in the city, it can adapt well to any environment. This small dog needs regular outings and plenty of exercise. Brushing two or three times per week is required. No professional grooming is required.

Function
Hunting Dog, Watchdog, Pet.


Dogs
Horse Herd