Breed Organization Bull Terrier Club of America Website:
http://www.btca.com Native Country Great Britain Other Names English Bull Terrier, English Standard Bull Terrier, Standard Bull Terrier, Bullies, Gladiator, White Cavalier Life Expectancy Approximately 10-12 Years Litter Size Average 4-5 Puppies Breed Group AKC Terrier
Breed Appearance The Bull Terrier's most recognizable feature is
its head, described as 'egg shaped' when viewed from the front, the
top of the skull is almost flat from ear to ear. Profile curves
gently downwards from top of skull to tip of nose which should be
black and bent downwards at tip. Nostrils are well developed and
under-jaw deep and strong snout. The unique triangle-shaped eyes are
small, dark, and deep-set. The body is full and round, while the
shoulders are robust and very muscular and the tail is carried
horizontally. They are generally white in color, walk with a jaunty
gait, and are popularly known as the 'gladiator of the canine race'.
Breed Description Head: Long, strong, oval (egg-shaped).
Top of skull is almost flat. No stop. Strong lower jaw. Ears: Small, thin leather, close set. Held erect. Eyes: Appear narrow, set obliquely in the skull, triangular.
Black or very dark brown color (the darker the better). Body: Massive. Very muscular neck. Broad, deep chest. Ribs well
sprung. Broad heavily muscled loin. Short, extremely muscular back. Tail: Short, set low, carried horizontally. Thick at the root
and tapering to a thin tip. Hair: Short; flat, hard with tight-fitting skin. Soft undercoat
in winter. Coat: Whites have solid white coat; pigmentation of the skin
and markings on the head are not faults. In colored varieties, color
must be dominant over the white. Black brindle, red, fawn and
tri-color are acceptable. Size: No limit. Weight: No limit. Miniature Bull Terriers must measure 35,5 cm
(14 in) or less and weigh 9 kg (20 lb) or less. The head is foxlike,
with a slightly domed, broad skull. The stop is pronounced and the
muzzle is chiselled. Tight lips.
History The Bull Terrier was bred from crosses of
Bulldogs with terriers to create the "gladiator of the dog race".
The new breed was first used for bull-baiting then for dog fighting.
In 1835, this practice was outlawed. The Bull Terrier's silhouette
was refined around 1860. A white variety was selectively bred,
giving birth to the modern breed. The Bull Terrier was recognized by
The Kennel Club in 1933.
Behavior Bull Terriers are known to be courageous and
active. They enjoy being around people but are strong willed and
thus require an assertive owner; as such the Bull Terrier is not
recommended for households with small children if the owner is a
first time Bull Terrier owner. Bull Terriers need the companionship
of their owners and should not be kept outside in a kennel. Bull
Terriers can be both independent and stubborn and for this reason
are not considered suitable for an inexperienced dog owner. A firm
hand and an assertive demeanour are essential if the Bull Terrier is
not to run riot. They are protective of their family, although
comprehensive socialization at an early age will prevent them from
becoming over-protective and neurotic.
When it comes to other animals, caution should be advised. Bull
Terriers have a strong prey instinct and, like any strong dog breed,
can cause injury or death to people or other animals, especially
cats. That said, puppies brought up with cats and other animals get
on well with the animals they know; however, they can never be
completely trusted with other animals. Uncastrated males often do
not get along with other male dogs. Males and females however can
live together happily, and two females can also be a good
combination with care and supervision. Introducing a Bull Terrier of
the same sex as the dog in residence is considered unwise, and some
Bull Terriers won't countenance other dogs of either sex.
Health Prone to slipped patella (dislocation of the
kneecaps), heart defects, kidney failure and skin and flea
allergies. Prone to suffer from a zinc deficiency, which can cause
death. Gains weight easily. Do not overfeed. White Bull Terriers are
prone to deafness.
Advice This breed adapts well to life as a house dog
but does not like to be left alone and requires plenty of exercise.
Weekly brushing is required.